Prof. Salakhitdinov was born on November 23, 1933 in Namangan, Namangan region. In 1955, he graduated from Central Asian State University (now National University of Uzbekistan) and studied postgraduate study at this university. He defended his PhD in 1958 and defended his doctoral dissertation in 1967. In 1974, he was elected as a member of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
For more than 60 years of his scientific and pedagogical and organizational activities, he was the Director of the Institute of Mathematics of the Academy of Sciences, vice president, president of the Academy of Sciences, Minister of Higher and Secondary Special Education, Physics and Mathematics Department of the Academy of Sciences and worked as a professor at the National University of Uzbekistan and head of the Department of Mathematics at the Academy of Sciences.
Academician M. Salakhitdinov was awarded the State Prize of the Republic of Uzbekistan named after Abu Rayhon Beruniy, Honored Worker of Science of the Republic of Uzbekistan, “Buyuk xizmatlari uchun”, “Fidokorona xizmatlari uchun”, “Mehnat shuhrati” .
Prof. Salakhitdinov was elected a Fellow of the Islamic World Academy of Sciences (IAS) in 1993.