In 1969, he finished high school. In the same year he entered the Moscow Lomonosov State University (MSU), from where he graduated in 1975. After a two-year tenure at the High-Mountain Geophysical Institute as an engineer, he entered the postgraduate school of MSU. In 1982 he defended his thesis and got a scientific degree of Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences.
Since 1981 he has been working at the High-Mountain Geophysical Institute as a research assistant and head of the laboratory of optical research methods. In 1985 he got the scientific rank of Senior Scientist in the field of Physics, including quantum physics.
In 1990 Dr Bekkiev was assigned director of the High-Mountain Ecological Observatory, where he was in charge for 10 years.
In 1996 he defended his PhD thesis and got the scientific degree of Doctor of Engineering Science.
Dr Bekkiev was engaged in research investigations authoring more that 85 scientific works and inventions. Several times he was awarded with government awards: in 1982 by the Lenin’s Komsomol Premium of USSR, in 1996 by the State premium of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic in the field of Science and Engineering, and in 1997- State premium of Russian Federation in the field of Science and Engineering.
In May 2000, A. Bekkiev was appointed director of the High-Mountainous Geophysical Institute of State Committee for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring.
Prof. Bekkiev was elected a Fellow of the Islamic World Academy of Sciences in 2000.