Born in 1944 (Kyzyl-Bairak village, Kemin district), Kyrgyz. He is a Doctor of Technical Sciences and an Academician of the Kyrgyz Academy of Sciences. Prof. Akaev is married and has two sons and two daughters.
After graduation from the Leningrad Precision Mechanics and Optics Institute in 1968, with the qualification of engineer-mathematician, specialty “Computer,” he pursued his studies to become a Candidate of Sciences, and a Doctor of Sciences at the same Institute. He then worked as a senior lecturer, associate professor, and professor at the Polytechnical Institute of Frunze (now Bishkek). In 1977, he was awarded Kyrgyz Comsomol Prize for research in the development of mathematical theory of warm conditions of computer memory units and reliability of their functioning.
While at the institute, he also authored a textbook entitled “Optical Methods for Information Processing,” published in Moscow in 1988, by Vysshaya Shkola Publishing House (240 pp.), considered to be the first of its kind in the former Soviet Union.
In 1987, he was elected to the post of vice-president of the Kyrgyz Academy of Sciences. In 1989, he was appointed to the post of the president of the Kyrgyz Academy of Sciences. Prof. Akayev served as the first President of Kyrgyzstan from 1990-2005.
Prof. Akaev remains in Moscow and works as a Professor and Senior Researcher at Moscow State University, co-coordinator of the System Analysis and Mathematical Modeling of World Dynamics Program through the Russian Academy of Sciences, and as an Academic Supervisor of the Laboratory for Monitoring the Risks of Socio-Political Destabilization at the Higher School of Economics.
Askar Akaev has authored more than 100 scientific works and articles.
His works are widely implemented in practice. The book “Coherent Optical Computers,” written by him together with the famous soviet scientist and USSR State Prize Winner, Professor S. Mayorov, was the first of its kind in the former USSR and became the theoretical and practical textbook for those who work in this sphere.
Prof. Akaev is the awardee of the Grand Cross by the Association for Unity of Latin America, for his contribution to the development of peace, promotion of democracy, strengthening fraternal ties between peoples struggling for human rights.
At the end of 1992, Prof. Askar Akaev was announced “The Man of the Year,” in Kyrgyzstan for his activities in promoting national fraternity and stability in the republic and successful external policy.
Akaev, who is a former member of the Scientific Council of the Academy of Sciences of the former USSR, has been serving his country as president since 1990.
He was elected Fellow of the Islamic World Academy of Sciences (IAS) in 1993.
1990–2005 – for 14 years Askar Akaev was the head of an independent Central Asian state. He led his country through the most difficult period of transition, aggressively pursuing a policy of promoting democracy and overcoming authoritarianism, carried out radical democratic reforms in the political, social and socio-economic life of Kyrgyzstan.
2005 – Akaev left the country as a result of the coup (known as the “Tulip Revolution”). He voluntary resigned from the post of President of the Kyrgyz Republic to avoid bloodshed.
Academic career after 2005
2006 – was elected a Foreign Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences for outstanding research in the field of optical information processing. Appointed as a Professor to the Moscow State University.
2006 – appointed as a Senior Research Professor to Ilya Prigogine Institute for Mathematical Investigations of Complex Systems Institute.
2008 – appointed as the Academic Supervisor to the Center for Basic Research of the Economy of Russia (St. Petersburg).
2014 – appointed as the Academic Supervisor to the Laboratory of Monitoring of the Sociopolitical Destabilization Risks of the National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow)
Between the 1970s and the 2000s, Akaev authored over 200 scientific articles and monographs, including such as “Holographic memory”, “Selected lectures on optical computers”, “Relefografiya”, “Economic transition: a physicist’s interpretation (A mathematical model of transition economy),” and others.
Between 2006 and 2015 he has published more than 100 scientific articles and several books, including “Modelling and forecasting the global dynamics” (Moscow: Science, 2012), “Business Cycles and Economic Growth” (St. Petersburg: SPGPU, 2011), “Forecast and simulation of crises and global dynamics” (Moscow: LKI, 2010), “Application of Contact Mechanics to the diagnosis of pathological conditions of soft biological tissues” (Moscow: Moscow State University, 2009).
Memberships and scientific societies and scientific awards
Akaev has been elected a foreign member of more than a dozen national and international academies. He was awarded honorary doctorates and professorships by 13 foreign universities. He is a winner of the Kondratieff Gold Medal and the Leontieff Gold Medal; he was awarded with the Gold Medal and the Order of Vernadsky for his outstanding contribution to the development of economic theory and the theory of the noosphere. Hw has the title of “Knight of Science and Art.”
State and public awards
Akaev was awarded with the Order “Badge of Honor”, the Order of the Grand Cross of the Freedom and Unity of the Association “For the Unity of Latin America,” Pushkin Medal “for his great contribution to the preservation and dissemination of the Russian cultural heritage in Kyrgyzstan.” He is the First Prize Winner of the Russian “Keeper of Peace and Goodness” Prize. He is the Winner of the Russian Peter the Great Prize for his personal contribution to the development of cultural, political and socio-economic cooperation between Russia and Kyrgyzstan (2003) and others. He is married and has 4 children and 4 grandchildren.