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The Arab Thought Foundation launches its tenth cultural development report from Dubai

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The Arab Thought Foundation published the 10th Arab Cultural Development Report titled “Innovation or Exhaustion – Arab Scientific Research: Its Reality, Challenges and Perspectives” at a Special Ceremony in Dubai.

The ceremony was attended by HE Noura bint Mohammed Al Kaabi, Minister of Culture and Knowledge Development in the United Arab Emirates, Prince Khalid Al Faisal, President of the Arab Thought Foundation, Prince Bandar Bin Khaled Al Faisal, Professor Henry Al Await, Director General of the Arab Thought Foundation, part. Minister of Culture of Jordan, Mohamed Ali Al-Hakim, Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations and Executive Secretary of ESCWA, Egyptian scientist Farouk El-Baz, members of the Board of Trustees and the Administration and personalities from culture, science, science and diplomacy.

Khalid Al Faisal thanked the UAE in general, and Dubai in particular for the hospitality and hospitality and for all that we have found and blessed in these blessed days of the greatness of culture and thought in the Arab world. This time is the harbinger of proverbs for the young state, which sets no limits to success and every day represents a new example of progress, prosperity and means of knowledge in every direction. He also thanked Minister of Culture and Knowledge Development, Noura Al Kaabi, for their presence and participation in the presentation of the 10th Arabic Report of the Arab Thought Foundation.

and stated: “The Arab Thought Foundation has for the tenth year in a row presented its Arab report on cultural development, while the Arab world is experiencing more wars, conflicts and political differences, and the resulting economic, social and cultural crises with environmental problems such as Desertification and decline of forest areas and water scarcity are associated And pollution. The tenth report addresses all these issues objectively and in numbers, focusing this year on the activities of scientific research, technological development and innovation, and its role in comprehensive and sustainable development, in our belief in the role of thought, science and culture in promoting the bitterness of reflecting this reality ». “The emphasis on scientific research, technological development and innovation and their relationship to comprehensive and sustainable development is a scientific need that is necessitated by the concepts and demands of the age, this knowledge-based age and the knowledge-based economy., And economic growth, and where In this third millennium and in its new developmental concepts, Al-Faisal believed that improving the quality of life and raising living standards was not just based on economic growth, but also on knowledge in general and its scientific and technological sources in particular. “A knowledge society is society that generates, publishes and invests knowledge for the well-being of nations and the well-being of its citizens. Thus, Arab countries are no longer able to spend more on education than many developing countries, while their economic growth rates are lower than in other countries. “The report makes a significant contribution to providing scientific foundations, accurate data and accurate statistics in various scientific areas, which is an indispensable first step in delivering recommendations and visions that enable planners and decision makers, depending on their role From our crises, which point out that “the report urges us to devote future research strategies and allocations to funding as if to alarm, warns us to miss the opportunity to gather knowledge of the fourth revolution Because the Possibilities Are Still Available and the Decision Is Back To Addressing the Key Challenges of Poverty and Unemployment, Migrations, Political Tensions and Societal Disruptions, a complete and integrated system will begin that will involve scientific research, technological development and innovation t lead to comprehensive and sustainable development, or we remain prisoners of the scientific culture in which we are victims of our failure. “

Al-Faisal thanked coordinators, consultants, thinkers, experts, academics and technicians inside and outside the Arab Thought Foundation, and expressed hope to all those who contributed to the completion of this report, to Arab readers, researchers and academics Contributing to the Arab Conflict and Contributing to the Renaissance and Achieving Comprehensive and Sustainable Development.

Minister Noura al-Kaabi gave a speech in which she outlined the central role of the Arab Thought Foundation in developing and promoting joint development The report draws on its importance from the various scientific themes and represents a holistic and groundbreaking dimension for the Arab library. He s relies on several methods for the most accurate diagnosis of the situation, presenting data, numbers and statistics and explaining the future with recommendations and suggestions.

and stressed that “scientific research in the Arab countries below the level of ambition and without the amount of resources that prevails in these countries, and the reality sees a big gap clarified the Arab scientific research and its global counterpart”. In her speech, she explored the role of knowledge that has become a strategic resource in business life: an inexhaustible wealth that grows every day. “Cultural and artistic innovation is an essential activity for the formation of the knowledge society and for the creation of cultural and intellectual industries based on cultural and intellectual production, which is part of the tenth Arab Cultural Development Report, which provides an accurate diagnosis of the activities of scientific research The United Arab Emirates has published its National Innovation Strategy, which aims to make the UAE one of the most innovative countries in the world, by playing its role as the main driver of government development and as a key factor in economic development

In her speech, Al Kaabi called for this report to be an important step in promoting cultural development in our Arab countries by increasing understanding and understanding of the importance of international development deepening changes in research, development, innovation and the creation of new patterns of integration.

 She thanked the Arab Thought Foundation for the election of the UAE to launch the tenth Arab Cultural Development Report, which coincides with the UAE celebrations in Zayed, the leader who recognized the importance of culture and knowledge as fundamental components of the UAE And the potential to accelerate development makes the UAE today an oasis of thought, culture and art.

On the other hand, in his speech, Professor Henry Al-Await, Director-General of the Arab Thought Foundation, referred to three points related to the report, its characteristics and characteristics, and highlighted its conclusions and recommendations. He pointed out that the reasons for assigning this report to the scientific research, technology and innovation activities in the Arab countries focus primarily on the achievements of scientific research and innovation in recent years, with profound developments and spectacular discoveries global level. An integrated report presents the present reality in our Arab homeland, outlines its challenges and outlines its perspectives and mechanisms. He pointed out that the Foundation does not claim to monopolize the initiative to explore the reality of scientific research in the Arab world, has in the past developed a series of reports to the conditions of scientific research systems and technological development and innovation diagnose in the Arab countries. He stressed the need to periodically publish Arabic reports dealing with scientific research issues, the development of concepts of scientific research and their relationship to different sectors, and their ability to meet the challenges of states.

Al-Aweit focused on the features and characteristics of the report in order to meet the aspirations of our societies and to reflect the services that it most desires to deliver. The most important of these is its holistic character, which is reflected in the first five chapters: scientific research and higher education, the use of innovation and development, culture and available scientific directions, innovation and technological development, mechanisms to build a knowledge-based economy; The second topic is the twenty-five papers with more than 500 pages covering various aspects of scientific research, technology and innovation. Third, it is reflected in its geographical coverage, which has excluded no Arab country in Mashreq and the Maghreb. The fourth is reflected in the nationalities of the participants in the composition, representing different parts of the Arab world.

Al-Awaite referred to the abundance of topics in the report, including Arab scientific research in the axes of the social sciences and humanities, the ethical principles in scientific research and the credibility of its activities, the Arab scientific culture, the role of the Arabic language in the creation of an Arab knowledge society, creative thinking, development results of the research and innovation system, artificial intelligence and robotics, patterns of Arab and European cooperation, women, technology and knowledge production, scientific information and publication and other new topics not covered by the Arab departments or rarely have the status they deserve.

Al-Awaite emphasized that one of the key benefits of the report is the central position of the development goals that meet the needs of the Arab countries. He pointed out that the report points to the United Nations-led initiative to implement the Sustainable Development Plan in early 2016 and stresses that this sustainable development is comprehensive in all dimensions of this dimension and calls on the Arab countries to do so To introduce mechanisms Adequate and effective work to link scientific research and technological development with the priorities of such a development.

He explained that this report is an experiment to analyze the performance of Arab countries in developing national science, technology and innovation systems in terms of sustainable development goals.

and concluded the conclusions and recommendations of the report and identified the mechanisms for its implementation by returning to the experience of developed and developing countries, the comprehensive reviews of their existing science and technology systems, in particular, strengthening the contributions of the central government, higher and Closer cooperation with the private sector, scientific and technological capabilities and promotion of innovation at local level within specific disciplines and full consideration of education and training at all stages. And, on the basis of a solid political and legal foundation, to develop innovative methods of Arab cooperation in science, technology and innovation, and to develop creative initiatives that enable Arab institutions to benefit from Arab scientists and innovators in countries of proliferation.

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اطلاق التقرير العربيّ العاشر للتنمية الثقافيّة- مؤسسة الفكر العربي

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أطلقت مؤسسة الفكر العربي، اليوم الإثنين تقريرها العاشر للتنمية الثقافية تحت عنوان “الابتكار أو الاندثار: البحث العلمي العربي واقعه وتحدياته وآفاقه” خلال مؤتمرها السنوي العاشر الذي تستضيفه دبي. ويعرض التقرير واقع المكتبة العربية الحالي في دول المنطقة ويبرز تحدياتها ويستشرف آفاقها ومآلاتها.وخصص التقرير فضاءً واسعاً للبحث العلمي وأنشطة التكنولوجيا والابتكار في الدول العربية، وما حفلت به أنشطة الابتكار من اكتشافات مذهلة على الصعيد العالمي.طابع شمولي ويتميز التقرير بطابعه الشمولي الذي يتضمن 5 فصول هي تباعاً: البحوث العلمية والتعليم العالي، رافعة الابتكار والتنمية، الثقافة والتوجهات العلمية المتاحة، الابتكار والتطوير التكنولوجي: آليات بناء اقتصاد المعرفة، البحوث في خدمة المجتمع، بالإضافة إلى ذلك يتضمن التقرير أيضاً 25 ورقة بحثية امتدت على أكثر من 500 صفحة.ولم يستثن التقرير أي بلد عربي في المشرق والمغرب، وشارك في تأليفه باحثون من دول الخليج العربي، وبلاد الشام، ووادي النيل، والمغرب العربي، كما يستجيب التقرير العربي العاشر للتنمية الثقافية في توجهه للمبادرة التي أطلقتها منظمة الأمم المتحدة في مطلع عام 2016 لتحقيق خطة التنمية المستدامة 2030.ويركز التقرير على أهمية صياغة رؤى وتصورات واقتراحات حول المستقبل المرجو والممكن لما تخطط له الدول العربية من مبادرات على الأمدين القريب والمتوسط. الاستنتاجاتوخلص  التقرير إلى أن الأزمات التي تمر بها الدول العربية اليوم سببها القصور في استثمار وإعادة إنتاج المعرفة العلمية والتكنولوجية، ما انعكس سلباً على التنمية الاقتصادية والاجتماعية فيها.وأكدت المؤشرات المعتمدة في التقرير أن الدول العربية ما زالت في الصفوف الخلفية بين دول العالم فيما يتعلق بمدخلات العلوم والتكنولوجيا الحديثة.ورصد التقرير قلة عدد البلدان العربية التي تضم مراكز متخصصة بالبحث العلمي، إضافةً إلى أن معظم أنشطة البحث العلمي تنجزها مؤسسات التعليم العالي.ورغم زيادة التحاق الإناث بالتعليم في الدول العربية وما أحرزنه من تقدمٍ علمي، إلا أن ذلك لم يؤد إلى نمو اقتصادي نظراً لعدم ارتباط التعليم بالاقتصاد.توصياتوأوصى التقرير بتعزيز مساهمات الحكومات المركزية وتوثيق تعاونها مع القطاع الخاص، وبضرورة تنمية القدرات العلمية والتكنولوجية وتحفيز الابتكار محلياً، وبذل عناية فائقة بالتعليم والتربية في جميع مراحلهما وبالأخص برعاية المؤسسات الجامعية غير الربحية، وطالب التقرير بتبني أساليب مبتكرة للتعاون العربي في مجالات العلوم والتكنولوجيا والابتكار لإطلاق مبادرات خلاقة للاستفادة من المبتكرين العرب.ودعا التقرير إلى تدريس العلوم والتكنولوجيا باللغة العربية لوقف هجرة العقول إلى خارج الدول العربية، وبحث أسباب هذه الهجرة، وإرساء نظام حاضن يربط الكفاءات العلمية المهاجرة بوطنها الأم.وأشار التقرير العربي العاشر للتنمية الثقافية  إلى أن براءات الاختراع في الدول العربية تمثل أكثر من 80% من القيمة السوقية للشركات الكبرى، داعياً الدول العربية لتبني سياسات ذكية تستند إلى بناء مستقبل في صناعة الملكية الفكرية، مؤكداً ضعف الإعلام العلمي في الدول العربية، وتواضع أدائه، إذ لا يتجاوز عدد المجلات العلمية في الدول العربية 24 مجلة، فضلاً عن 34 موقعاً إلكترونياً علمياً.وأكد التقرير أن البلدان العربية حالات منفردة ومتباينة من حيث قدراتها العلمية والتكنولوجية، ويجب التعامل معها على هذا الأساس عند تطوير الخطط التنفيذية، منوهاً بضرورة الاستثمار في تنمية يكون محورها الناس ويرصد التهميش الذي يطال العلوم الاجتماعية في الدول العربية، داعياً إلى تكوين مدارس عربية في العلوم الاجتماعية والأنثروبولوجية والاستثمار في الإنسانيات والآداب.وأشار التقرير إلى الاعتراف الضعيف بالجماعة العلمية في البلدان العربية، رغم غناها بالجامعات والمستشفيات ومراكز البحوث العامة المتخصصة إلى حدٍّ ما في الإنتاج العلمي، داعياً إلى إطلاق حوار دائم وبناء صلات مهنية بين مكونات المجتمع العلمي العربي على الصعيد الوطني والإقليمي.تحدياتوشدد التقرير على أن من شأن انخراط النساء في العلم والتقنية والابتكار والثقافة العلمية، أن يسهم في تمكين المرأة العربية مجتمعياً، إنساناً فاعلاً ومتفاعلاً في محيطه وخارجه في الوقت نفسه، موصياً  بنشر الثقافة العلمية باعتبارها منطلق نجاح الثقافة التنموية لتوليد فرص عمل جديدة ومكافحة الفقر، إلى جانب التأكيد على ضرورة وضع استراتيجيات بديلة لتحفيز الابتكار، وتأسيس منظومات وطنية للابتكار يمكنها تحقيق أهداف التنمية المستدامة.وأوضح التقرير العربي العاشر للتنمية الثقافية أن التحدي الرئيس للتنمية المعاصرة في العالم العربي يتمثل في الاعتماد المفرط على الموارد الطبيعية والمصادر غير المتجددة، مشدداً على ضرورة دخول العرب مجتمعات المعرفة والإنتاج والتخلي عن الاعتماد المفرط على الريع، برفع مستوى الطلاب، وتدريب اليد العاملة، وزيادة الإنفاق على البحث والتطوير وفق خطة طويلة الأمد.ودعا التقرير إلى ضرورة إعادة النظر في السياسات والبنية التحتية للمؤسسات الصحية العربية بهدف ملاءمة الحاجات الاجتماعية والاقتصادية في المنطقة، والعودة إلى مفهوم الصحة باعتبارها حقاً، لاسلعةً، والتركيز على الإثراء المعرفي للسياسات الصحية الوقائية، والنظر في الذكاء الاصطناعي والثورة الصناعية الرابعة، على أنها جزء أساسي من المستقبل التنموي للعالم العربي. باحثون من أنحاء الوطن العربييُذكر أن الأوراق البحثية في التقرير العربي العاشر للتنمية الثقافية من إعداد نخبة من الباحثين والاختصاصيين من أنحاء الوطن العربي هم بحسب ترتيب أوراقهم في التقرير الدكاترة: عمر بزري، رمزي سلامة، محمد الربيعي، محمد المعزوز، نايف سعادة، معين حمزة، خضر الشيباني، محمد المراياتي، محمد نور الدين أفايا، سهيل مارين، معتز خورشيد، منيف الزعبي، عاطف قبرصي، عبد الإله الديوه جي، محمود صقر، جواد الخراز، نجيب صعب، عمر الديوه جي، محمد نجيب عبد الواحد، مازن الحمادي، ساري حنفي، فاديا كيوان، مها بخيت زكي، عبد الله القفاري، عماد بشير.

Dr Zabta Khan Shinwari FIAS, got Sitara-I-Imtiaz from the President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, on 23 March 2018

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Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Governor Iqbal Zafar Jhagra on Friday, on behalf of the President Mamnoon Hussain, honoured one personality of the province with Sitara-I-Imtiaz, three with Presidential Pride of Performance Award and one with Tamgha-I-Imtiaz in recognition of their illustrious achievements in their respective disciplines at the ceremony held at the Governor’s House, Peshawar on Friday.

Dr Zabta Khan Shinwari, got Sitara-I-Imtiaz in acknowledgement of his extraordinary services in the field of Bio Technology. Dr Bashir Khan in the field of Bio Technology, Dr Abul Samad in the field of Archeology and Kahlid Noor in Martial Arts got the President’s Award for Pride of Performance. Dr Asifullah in the field of Computer Science was also awarded with Tamgha-I-Imtiaz for his remarkable achievements in their respective fields.

On the occasion, the governor congratulated the recipients of the National Awards and also paid tributes to the martyrs of the Pakistan Movement.

 

 

The Late Prof. Salambek Khadjiev FIAS (Chechnya)

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 It is with a sense of sadness and sorrow that the President and the Director General of the Islamic World Academy of Sciences (IAS) in Amman, Jordan, announce the passing away of the eminent Chechen scientist: Prof. Salambek Khadjiev, Fellow of the Islamic World Academy of Sciences. He was 77.

He was Former Minister of Petro-fining and Petrochemicals in the former Soviet Union.

An IAS Fellow since 1989, Prof. Khadjiev’s held the post of Director General of NPO “Grozneftechim” Institute in Grozny, USSR.

Prof. Khadjiev was a Doctor of Chemical Sciences with a diverse interest in almost every branch of chemistry, as well as a keen interest in the economics of the petrochemical industry.

Prof. Khadjiev has published over 200 scientific papers including many dealing with the development of the petroleum-refining technology and the various new techniques in the petrochemical industry.

As well as editing and publishing 4 books, Prof. Khadjiev has 90 patent certificates to his name in the field of Petroleum Refining and Petrochemistry.

Prof. Khadjiev will be greatly missed by his colleagues and fellow scientists in  (Russia/ Chechnya) and the Islamic world. “Ina Lillah Wa Ina Ilaihi Raj’oon.”

IAS President, Fellows and staff offer their heartfelt condolences to his family and friends throughout the world.

https://www.kavkazr.com/a/29076443.html

   ****************************************************************************

Moneef R. Zou’bi

Director General

Islamic World Academy of Sciences (IAS)
PO Box 830036, Amman 11183, Jordan.
Tel +9626-55-22-104 & +9626-55-23-385
Fax +9626-55-11-803
www.iasworld.org

Abdel Salam Majali

President

Islamic World Academy of Sciences (IAS)
PO Box 830036, Amman 11183, Jordan.
Tel +9626-55-22-104 & +9626-55-23-385
Fax +9626-55-11-803

www.iasworld.org

The late Prof. Naci Bor FIAS (Turkey)

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It is with a sense of sadness and sorrow that the President and the Director General of the Islamic World Academy of Sciences (IAS) in Amman, Jordan, announce the passing away of the eminent Turkish scientist/ medical doctor: Prof. Naci Bor, Founding Fellow of the Islamic World Academy of Sciences. He was 90.

Born in Bor, Turkey in 1928, he completed his first degree from the Medical Faculty of Istanbul University in 1952.

He went to the United States in 1952 and studied internal medicine. Later he specialized in cardiology. He then went on to do research in cardiac physiology for which he was appointed to the staff at Emory university, Atlanta, Georgia (1958). He taught and conducted research there for three years and then he was invited to Philadelphia Presbyterian Hospital to initiate research in fetal physiology. He was simultaneously appointed as a member of the teaching staff at the University of Pennsylvania.

Prof. Bor returned to Turkey in 1963 to become the founding director of physiology in a new medical school in Ankara. In 1976, he took over the research facility and organized “The Medical and Surgical Research Center” in the same University.

He was a member of the science council of TUBITAK (Turkish Scientific and Technical National Research Council) and has taken part in its administration.

He has established two science journals (Doga, and Turkish Journal for Medical Sciences) and has served as their editor. He has also been on the board of three other science journals.

Prof. Bor was a chairman of the Research Center at Hacettepe University, and Chairman of the Anadolu Health and Research Foundation.

Prof. Bor was a Founding Fellow of the Islamic World Academy of Sciences (1986), and Founding Editor of its journal (1988). He was elected to the Council of the IAS for the period 1994-1999, and re-elected for the same post in 1999 and 2003.

Prof. Bor will be greatly missed by his colleagues and fellow scientists in Turkey and the Islamic world. “Ina Lillah Wa Ina Ilaihi Raj’oon.”

IAS President, Fellows and staff offer their heartfelt condolences to his family and friends throughout the world.

Professor Malik Maaza FIAS received the African Union prize of scientific excellence: “Kwame Nkrumah 2017”

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The Kwame Nkrumah Scientific Excellence Awards for 2017 were presented during the official opening of the 30th African Union Assembly in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on 28th January 2018. The awards were presented by President Paul Kagame, newly elected Chair of the African Union, and Mr. Moussa Faki Mahamat, Chairperson of the AU Commission. The EU was represented at the Opening Ceremony by Neven Mimica, European Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development.

The prestigious Award programme was launched by the AU in 2009 and the EU has been supporting it since 2012, with the allocation of USD 603,048 in 2017 alone. The Awards aim to encourage research contributing to the wellbeing and improved quality of life of African citizens.

The 2017 laureates of the continental awards are:

For the Earth and Life Science Award: Professor Robert P. Millar from South Africa has carried out world-class research on peptide regulators of reproductive hormones. He pioneered the discovery of the Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone (GnRH) prohormone, novel GnRH structures, and the first cloning of the GnRH I and GnRH II receptors. He has participated in, and led, a number of programmes developing GnRH analogues for use in a wide range of clinical pathologies. His research opened up markets for the primary treatment of prostatic cancer, precocious puberty (the sole treatment), hormone-dependent diseases in women (e.g. endometriosis) and for In Vitro Fertilization. Since 2016, he has been the Director of the Center of Neuroendocrinology at the University of Pretoria.

For the Basic Science, Technology and Innovation Award: Algerian Professor Maaza Malik is the pioneer and the architect of nanosciences and nanotechnology in Africa. His long history in stimulating academic excellence and communication between academia, researchers, local communities and society within the continent gained him the international recognition of UNESCO, which bestowed him the 1st South-South Chair: the UNESCO UNISA Africa Chair in Nanosciences & Nanotechnology in South Africa. Prof. Maaza has pioneered and implemented numerous continental and national initiatives such as the African Laser Centre, the Nanosciences African Network, the National Laser Centre of South Africa (NLC SA) and the South African Nanotechnology initiative (SANi).

Each of the awardees received a cheque of 100,000 USD to further boost their research capacity in the fields of Basic Sciences, Technology and Innovation and Life and Earth Sciences. The European Union wishes to express its congratulations to the two laureates of these prestigious awards.

 

The Late Prof. Ishfaq Ahmad FIAS (Pakistan)

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It is with a sense of sadness and sorrow that the President and the Director General of the Islamic World Academy of Sciences (IAS) in Amman, Jordan, announce the passing away of the eminent Pakistani scientist: Prof. Ishfaq Ahmad, Fellow of the Islamic World Academy of Sciences. He was 88.

Prof. Ishfaq Ahmad was born in Gurdaspur (India) on 3rd November 1930. He was Chairman of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, 1991-2001. Prof. Ahmad was awarded his MSc (Physics) from the University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan, in 1951, and in 1958 was awarded a DSc (Physics), from the University of Montreal, Canada. He was a Senior Member, Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC), 1988-1991, after serving for thirteen years as Member (Technical) of the same Commission.

Prof. Ishfaq Ahmad was the Advisor to the Prime Minister of Pakistan (2001-2007) with the status of Federal Minister. He joined the Planning Commission with the status of a Minister of State, 2007-2009; Advisor on Development and Global Climate Change in the Planning Commission with the status of a Minister of State, 2009-2012; Chairman Board of Governors (BoG), National Centre for Physics (NCP), since its start. Prof. Ishfaq also started the only centre of the Science of Climate Change in Pakistan and also the Earthquake Studies Centre (ESC) for forecasting earthquakes.

Prof. Ishfaq Ahmad served as Director, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH), Islamabad, Pakistan, 1971-1976; Director, Atomic Energy Center (AEC), Lahore, 1969-1971; Secretary, Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC), 1967-1969;Senior Scientific Officer, Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC), 1960-1966; and Lecturer, Government College, Lahore, 1952-1960. He was Post-Doctoral Research Fellow at the Sorbonne, Paris (France), in 1969; and at the Niels Bohr Institute of Theoretical Physics, Copenhagen (1961-1962).

Prior to that, in (1963-1964), Prof. Ahmad was a Post-Doctoral Fellow at both the University of Montreal, and the University of Ottawa, Canada. Prof. Ishfaq was awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the Punjab University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore (2000). In the same year, he was elected a Fellow of the International Nuclear Energy Academy. He is the recipient of the three highest official awards in Pakistan namely Sitara-I-Imtiaz, the Hilal-I-Imtiaz and the Nishan-I-Imitiaz, the last of which was awarded to him in 1998.

Prof. Ishfaq was also instrumental in the creation of Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority (PNRA). He has over 40 major publications to his credit including a series of PUGWASH Conference proceedings. He also developed Pakistan’s Scientific Cooperation with the European Centre for Nuclear Research (CERN) and also with the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ASICTP).

The main research interest of Prof. Ishfaq Ahmad was in Particle Detectors, Nuclear and High Energy Physics, as well as Nuclear Technology. He became a Fellow of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences in 1983, and was elected a Fellow of the Islamic World Academy of Sciences (IAS) in 2000.

Prof. Ahmad will be greatly missed by his colleagues and fellow scientists in Pakistan and the Islamic World. “Ina Lillah Wa Ina Ilaihi Raj’oon.”

IAS President, Fellows and staff offer their heartfelt condolences to his family and friends throughout the world.

Moneef R. Zou’bi

Director General

Islamic World Academy of Sciences (IAS)
PO Box 830036, Amman 11183, Jordan.
Tel +9626-55-22-104 & +9626-55-23-385
Fax +9626-55-11-803
www.iasworld.org

Abdel Salam Majali

President

Islamic World Academy of Sciences (IAS)
PO Box 830036, Amman 11183, Jordan.
Tel +9626-55-22-104 & +9626-55-23-385
Fax +9626-55-11-803

www.iasworld.org

 

 

Recipient Played Central Role in Apollo Space Missions and Worldwide Desert Groundwater Exploration

Written by iasworld on . Posted in News

Photo of Farouk El-BazPhoto of Inamori Ethics Prize

 

As Apollo 11 slowly descended to the moon’s surface, the team of NASA scientists responsible for choosing the first lunar landing site was as anxious and in awe as the rest of the world.

“All our hearts were pounding,” recalled geologist Farouk El-Baz, a NASA scientist on the Apollo space program’s site-selection committee. “What if the moon was completely different than we thought? We were not 100 percent sure of all aspects, so there was room for error.”

The capsule, in fact, touched down July 20, 1969—4 miles from the predicted landing point and about a minute-and-a-half sooner than scheduled. But as commander Neil Armstrong proclaimed “the Eagle has landed,” made his historic “giant leap for mankind” and returned the spaceship safely to Earth, the mission—and five Apollo lunar landings that followed—was considered a rousing success.

El-Baz was involved in site selection for each of those missions. He also created and still directs a NASA-recognized “Center of Excellence,” the Center for Remote Sensing at Boston University. The center uses space technology to study the earth and its environment, including finding critically needed groundwater in arid regions around the globe.

For his life’s work, El-Baz will receive the 2018 Inamori Ethics Prize from the Inamori International Center for Ethics and Excellence at Case Western Reserve University during a ceremony and academic symposium Sept. 13-14, during which he will deliver a public lecture about the focus of his research and the challenges ahead.

“Dr. El-Baz has shown tremendous ethical leadership throughout his life,” said Inamori Center Director Shannon French, the Inamori Professor in Ethics and a professor in the Department of Philosophy and at the School of Law. “Not only did he serve all of humankind with his essential contributions to NASA’s historic Apollo space program, but he has since turned his talents to the task of locating desperately needed scarce resources here on the Earth to save lives and resolve deadly conflicts. As many have stated, he is truly a national—and international—treasure.”

As part of its mission to foster ethical leadership worldwide, the Inamori International Center for Ethics and Excellence at Case Western Reserve University annually presents the Inamori Ethics Prize to a recipient who demonstrates exemplary ethical leadership. First awarded in 2008, the prize honors outstanding international ethical leaders whose actions and influence have greatly improved the condition of humankind.

Pioneer in space and groundwater exploration

El-Baz is known for pioneering work in applying space images to groundwater exploration in arid lands. Based on the analysis of space photographs, his recommendations resulted in the discovery of groundwater resources in Egypt, India, China, Sudan, Sultanate of Oman, United Arab Emirates and Chad.

To honor his research on the understanding of arid lands and their groundwater resources, the Geological Society of America Foundation established two annual awards: The Farouk El-Baz Award for Desert Research to reward professional excellence in arid land studies, and The Farouk El-Baz Student Research Award to be awarded to two students—one male and one female—to encourage geological research on arid lands.

A veteran of NASA’s Apollo program, El-Baz served as secretary of the lunar landing site-selection committee and chairman of astronaut training in orbital observations and photography.

His outstanding teaching abilities were confirmed by the Apollo astronauts: While circling the moon for the first time during Apollo mission 15, command module pilot Alfred Worden said, “After the King’s (El-Baz’s nickname) training, I feel like I’ve been here before.”

In his honor, one episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation featured a shuttle spacecraft named “El-Baz.” He was also the focus of an episode of the Tom Hanks-produced HBO miniseries From the Earth to the Moon, in a segment titled, “The Brain of Farouk El-Baz.”

Vast knowledge and leadership

The Egyptian-born El-Baz received a bachelor’s degree in chemistry and geology from Ain Shams University in Cairo, received a master’s and PhD from from the Missouri University of Science and Technology (after conducting research at MIT), taught mineralogy at Heidelberg University in Germany and worked in Egypt’s oil industry. He became a naturalized United States citizen in 1970.

In 1973, he established and directed for a decade the Center for Earth and Planetary Studies at the National Air and Space Museum of Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. He was vice president for Science and Technology at Itek Optical Systems from 1982 until he joined Boston University in 1986.

El-Baz is a member of the United States National Academy of Engineering, the Committee for Geological Sciences of the National Academy of Sciences and serves on several boards, including the Arab Science and Technology Foundation, the Egyptian Center for Economic Studies, the Egyptian-American Affairs Council, the Moroccan-American Council, the World Affairs Council of Boston, the Library of Alexandria and the British University in Egypt.

He is a member of many national and international professional societies and a Fellow of the Geological Society of America, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Royal Astronomical Society in London and the Explorers Club in New York.

About the Inamori Ethics Prize

The Inamori Center was endowed by a generous gift from Kazuo Inamori, who established Kyocera Corp. and is a global telecommunications leader and founder of the Inamori Foundation that presents the annual Kyoto Prize in Kyoto, Japan.

Previous Inamori Ethics Prize winners were:

  • Marian Wright Edelman, founder and president of the Children’s Defense Fund, 2017;
  • Peter Eigen, founder of Transparency International and pioneer of the global fight against corruption, 2016;
  • Martha C. Nussbaum, celebrated philosopher and groundbreaking scholar at the University of Chicago, 2015;
  • Denis Mukwege, physician and human rights activist from the Democratic Republic of Congo, 2014;
  • Yvon Chouinard, founder of Patagonia, 2013;
  • David Suzuki, environmentalist and broadcaster, 2012;
  • Beatrice Mtetwa, a human rights lawyer in Zimbabwe, 2011;
  • Stan Brock, founder of Remote Area Medical, 2010;
  • Mary Robinson, former United Nations High Commissioner on Human Rights and Ireland’s first woman president, 2009; and
  • Francis S. Collins, leader of the Human Genome Project and director of the National Institutes of Health, 2008.

Call to change educational practices to allow future generations to tackle climate change

Written by iasworld on . Posted in News

 

Call to change educational practices to allow future generations to tackle climate change

The world’s academies of science release a ‘Statement on Climate Change and Education’

For the remainder of the 21st century and beyond, climate change poses an existential threat to humanity.

Under the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement, the world’s nations agreed to keep global temperature rises to within 2 degrees above pre-industrial levels. One degree of that rise has already occurred. However, in the recent COP23 meeting held in Bonn, Germany, we are still heading towards 3 degrees rise, and possibly more.

The Paris Agreement also states “Parties should take measures … to enhance climate change education” (Paris Agreement, Art.12).

“Decisions on how to tackle the effects of climate change need to be based on sound science and rational judgement,” says Krishan Lal (India), co-chair of IAP for Science. “They will also need to be made through the coming years – so it is the younger generation, currently in schools and learning about science, who will need to make those decisions.”

Unfortunately, in many countries, science education is often poor and does not develop the rational thinking or provide the inter-disciplinary study required to learn about climate change.

IAP and its member academies have a long track record in improving science education in many countries through the promotion of inquiry-based science education (IBSE), whereby children learn teamwork and rational thinking through the scientific process of developing hypotheses, designing and carrying out experiments to test them, and evaluating their results to develop conclusions. Currently, however, even the best science education tends to be taught in traditional silos – biology, chemistry, physics, etc, whereas climate change education requires a more inter-disciplinary approach.

The IAP ‘Statement on Climate Change and Education’ recognizes this and, to start the process of revitalizing education, lays out a series of recommendations on how effective climate change education can be promoted in schools around the world.

Among the specific recommendations of the Statement are the wider uptake of IBSE in schools around the world; the need to provide teachers with adequate training and resources; and that the periodic Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) ‘Assessment Reports’ and accompanying ‘Summaries for Policy Makers’ can be used as the basis for producing ‘Resources & Tools for Teachers’.

“We believe that climate change is a real threat to humanity, but also could be a formidable opportunity for all of us to modify the current unsustainable way of living, as recently outlined by more than 15,000 scientists in their call to the humanity. During major civilization changes, education has played a capital role to prepare the youth and convey the new ideas. Our goal in releasing this Statement is to contribute to this process,” says Pierre Léna of the Académie des sciences, France, who chaired the working group that produced the IAP Statement.

“We hear everywhere pessimistic statements about the future of our planet,” adds Marie-Lise Chanin, also of the French Académie des sciences, who co-chaired the development of the Statement with Pierre Léna. “but engaging the young generation in this issue and empowering students as ‘agents of change’ will bring hope and optimism.”

The IAP for Science ‘Statement on Climate Change and Education’ will be released on 12 December in Paris, France, at the One Planet Summit, being held under the auspices of the President of France, Emmanuel Macron.

“This Statement on Climate Change Education builds on IAP’s track record in promoting science education,” says Volker ter Meulen (Germany), the other co-chair of IAP for Science. “And by releasing it during President Macron’s One Planet Summit we hope that it will reach the eyes and ears of governments and decision-makers worldwide and convince them that they need to take both individual and collective action on this existential issue.”

The preparation IAP Statements is led by one of its member academies (in this case the Académie des sciences, France). A working group of experts nominated by IAP member academies is established to develop and refine the Statement. A Statement is released only when it has been approved by the IAP for Science Executive Committee and more than half of IAP members have endorsed its contents. Thus, the contents of this IAP Statement is supported by the credibility and independence of the majority of the world’s academies of science.

About IAP

The InterAcademy Partnership (IAP) was formally launched in South Africa in March 2016 and brought together three established global networks of academies of science, medicine and engineering.

Under the InterAcademy Partnership, more than 130 national and regional member academies work together to support the special role of science and its efforts to seek solutions to address the world’s most challenging problems. In particular, IAP harnesses the expertise of the world’s scientific, medical and engineering leaders to advance sound policies, promote excellence in science education, improve public health, and achieve other critical development goals.

IAP for Science (founded in 1993 as the InterAcademy Panel) brings together a sub-set of 113 academies from among the 130-plus members of the InterAcademy Partnership.

IAP and its member academies have a strong track record in trying to improve science education by promoting inquiry-based science education (IBSE) through its Science Education Programme, which has been active since 2003, including through a prior ‘IAP Statement on Science Education’ signed by 69 member academies.

Copies of the Statement are available for download from: http://www.interacademies.net/10878/32036.aspx