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The 2017 Mustafa(pbuh) Prize laureates were honored in the award ceremony

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During the Mustafa(pbuh)  prize ceremony held today in Tehran attended by senior Iranian officials, foreign delegations and representatives of OIC countries along with over sixty prominent scholars and scientists  from Islamic countries, the laureates were honored and praised for their pioneering achievements.
MSTF Media reports:
On December 3rd, coinciding with the birth anniversary of Great Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)  in the award ceremony taken place at Tehran’s Vahdat Hall, the Mustafa(pbuh) Prize Laureates received their prizes.
Prof. Erol Gelenbe from turkey and Prof. Mohammad Amin Shokrollahi from Iran were the laureates of 2017 Mustafa(pbuh) Prize in Information and Communications Science and Technology and Information Theory.
Prof. Romain Murenzi the Executive Director of The World Academy of Sciences for the advancement of science in developing countries (TWAS)  in his speech on the early of the event, named the laureates as a roles model for society who are constantly portray a strenuous effort in carrying social responsibilities and specify an appropriate symbol of precious world in society. They are the one who also play an important role in broadening the scientific borders for public welfare. He also praised the MSTF initiative in granting this prize and described it as a successful example on top of its agenda, attempts to create a hub for attracting the attention of people around the world towards capabilities of Islamic world and lay the ground for international scientific collaborations more than ever.
He further added, “ The Mustafa (pbuh)  Prize is a popular prize and movement and today a number of distinguished figures of Islamic and global community have been invited to contribute to this great movement. The prize offers an opportunity for everyone to be a part of world scientific activity and may this honor and divine privilege be bestowed upon us, Inshallah.”
While highlighting the headlines of MSTF plan, Prof. Murenzi described MSTF’s scientific activities for instance,  “Science & Technology Exchange Programs (STEP), (KANS) Knowledge Application and Notion for Society described as a strategy would lead to Synergy in science and technology, like the golden era of Islamic civilization definitely will bring about a significant increase in the realm of science and technology for humanity that from its spring all the ethnic groups are quenched and Islamic nations will be more powerful.
Since 2013, Mustafa(pbuh) Prize initiated by MSTF, has been granted biennially to the laureates in the ceremony on anniversary of  the Holy Prophet of Islam, to the top researchers and scientists from the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) member states in  four categories, including: “Information and Communication Science and Technologies, Life & Medical Sciences and Technology, Nano Science and Nanotechnologies and all areas of  Science and Technology”.
Recipients in each section receives the Mustafa(pbuh) Medal, a Diploma and $500,000  financed through the endowments made to the prize. In fact Prize is given to those scientists and technologists whose achievements have significant effect on human life.
The first round of Mustafa(pbuh) Prize was held in 2015 in Tehran and Prof. Omar Yaghi from Jordan in the Nanoscience and Nanotechnology and Prof. Jackie Ying from Singapore in Bio-nanotechnology category, were the recipients of this award.

ثلاثة أردنيين ضمن قائمة العلماء الأكثر تأثيرا بالعالم

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عمان – الدستور – امان السائح

حقق ثلاثة باحثين أردنيين مواقع ريادية ليكونوا ضمن قائمة العلماء الاكثر تاثيرا بالعالم لعام 2017 خلال السنوات العشر الماضية، وذلك وفقا لتقييم مؤسسة كلاريفت اناليتكس

Clarivate Analytics والمنبثقة عن مؤسسة تومسون رويترز، والتي تعتمد على اختيار الاكثر استشهادا بابحاثه.

وشملت القائمة ستة علماء عرب منهم ثلاثة من الاردن واثنان من الجزائر وواحد من مصر. 

ووفقا للتقييم فقد حصلت الجامعة الاردنية على احد التقييمات من خلال الدكتور شاهر المومني (زميل أكاديمية العالم الاسلامي للعلوم) وذلك للمرة الرابعة على التوالي ليكون أول عالم عربي يدخلها على مدى أربع سنين متتالية، وتبلغ الأستشهادات (Citations) للدكتور المومني 6271 ومعامل هيرش 44 حسب قاعدة البيانات سكوبس.

وحصل الدكتور زيد عضيبات من جامعة البلقاء التطبيقية للسنة الثالثة على التوالي، بعدد استشهادات 3803 ومعامل هيرش 34، 

والدكتور وصفي شطناوي من الجامعة الهاشمية هذه القائمة للسنة الثالثة على التوالي حيث بلغت عدد الاستشهدات لابحاثه 2000 ومعامل هيرش 25.

ومن الجدير بالذكر أن هذه القائمة تضم 3300 عالم في مختلف التخصصات العلمية والإنسانية، فقد احتلت جامعة هارفرد الأمريكية المركز الأول ودخل 159 عالما هذه القائمة تليها جامعة ستانفورد بــ 64 عالما.

كما حظيت القائمة برقم ملموس لعدد العلماء الصينين الذين زادت نسبتهم بــ 34% عن العام الماضي واحتلت المركز الثالث بين الدول بعد الولايات المتحدة وبريطانيا.

 

https://www.addustour.com/articles/984916-%D8%AB%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%AB%D8%A9-%D8%A3%D8%B1%D8%AF%D9%86%D9%8A%D9%8A%D9%86-%D8%B6%D9%85%D9%86-%D9%82%D8%A7%D8%A6%D9%85%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%85%D8%A7%D8%A1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A3%D9%83%D8%AB%D8%B1-%D8%AA%D8%A3%D8%AB%D9%8A%D8%B1%D8%A7-%D8%A8%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85

 

DECLARATION OF WORLD SCIENCE FORUM 2017

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PREAMBLE

Under the leadership of the Royal Scientific Society of Jordan, the founding organisations of the World Science Forum, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the International Council for Science (ICSU), and the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, and all invited organisations and fellow scientists, we, the participants of the 8th World Science Forum, held from 7-10 November 2017 at the Dead Sea, Jordan, adopt the present declaration.

The World Science Forum (WSF), an outcome of the 1999 World Conference on Science, is a biennial event that since 2003 has been successfully assembling scientists and decision-makers from the world of politics and industry, representatives of civil society and the media to discuss critical global issues and the potential of science to address them holistically.

In line with the outcomes of the 1999 World Conference on Science (WCS), and taking into account the 2011 Budapest Declaration on the New Era of Global Science, the 2013 Rio de Janeiro Declaration on Science for Global Sustainable Development, and the 2015 Budapest Declaration on The Enabling Power of Science we reaffirm our commitment to the responsible and ethical use of scientific knowledge in addressing the great challenges facing humankind.

Science for Peace

Our world is empowered by science as never before. Scientific and technological advances are at a point where challenges to our health, environment and wellbeing may be defined and addressed in increasingly effective ways. Yet, despite these great strides forward, so many communities on our planet remain powerless and deprived of some of the very basic requirements for life, liberty and hope. So many more of our fellow human beings are at the mercy of fear, insecurity and instability in their lives and livelihoods. Additionally, the grave threats posed by climate and ocean change, pollution, and the inefficient management of natural resources and waste, continue to threaten our environmental, social and political stability at local, regional and global levels.

It is in this context that World Science Forum 2017 has assessed the role of science in building a future that promises greater equality, security and opportunity for all, and in which science plays an increasingly prominent role as an enabler of fair and sustainable development. ‘Peace’ is far more than the absence of conflict. It implies an absence of fear and the full realisation of a whole and healthy life. It encompasses an equal access to the resources and potential of our planet. ‘Science for Peace’ signifies a call for the attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals, and for the promise of hope and opportunity in the lives of all people in a world where borders must matter little as we struggle to build a better, and inevitably shared future.

‘Science for Peace’ recognizes the global nature of the challenges facing all humankind, and underlines our global responsibility to tackle them through robust science and evidence-informed policy. This must encompass energy, food, water and climate change, the alleviation of poverty and inequality, greater cultural and economic understanding between peoples, and the potential for science and research to create wealth and to provide opportunity within societies.

We are convinced that science and the ethical application of evidence-informed methods offer essential tools to address challenges that leaders and politicians are confronted by at national and regional levels, and we are committed to finding in science the language that connects people across borders, belief systems, and social and cultural barriers. We believe that we must fight for a voice in a world where culture is so often reduced to untruths relating to cultural identity. ‘Science for Peace’ is a banner for all humanity and a call to reject division, short-term and reactionary planning, and the growing gap between rich and poor.

Inquiry-based science education is essential for forming critical thinking to build and sustain peaceful, knowledge-based societies. Lasting peace may only be achieved in our world when scientific knowledge is more equitably produced and shared, when science and evidence-based thinking are supported and empowered in all societies, when diversity is cherished as a vital factor in science and research, and when the universal right to science is promoted and enshrined in regional and global fora. It is in this context that we call for the following:

1.      The equitable and sustainable management of natural resources is essential to avoid conflicts and to promote peaceful development

The global demand for food, water and energy has reached unprecedented and unsustainable levels as a result of a growing global population, increased consumption, inefficient resource management and the effects of climate change. Competition for basic resources is a key driver of inequality, uncertainty, instability and conflict. Future global security and prosperity for all will depend on how we respond to pressures on natural resources, and how these resources are managed, distributed and made accessible to all communities. Sustainable and equitable access is imperative to prevent and mitigate crisis, and to promote resilience and recovery.

World Science Forum 2017 explored the critical interdependency of water, energy and food as the most acute challenge to peace and security. In Jordan and the Middle East in particular, water scarcity poses a grave threat to stability. Scientists and science diplomats have central roles to play not only in developing technologies and management systems, but also in enhancing cooperation, institutions and knowledge exchange; improving water conservation and energy efficiency; building local capacity; and ensuring resilience through shared management of transboundary resources. Science offers channels of communication between states to overcome political tension and build trust.

We affirm the need to collaborate to improve governance, to inform technological choices and investments, and to build social and human infrastructures for equitable and sustainable management of resources.

The 2030 Agenda sets a blueprint for tackling these challenges across the Sustainable Development Goals but their interdependencies are not yet fully understood and require increasingly interdisciplinary approaches.

We endorse the three landmark UN agreements adopted in 2015 — the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030, and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. We call for science to be given a central role in enabling the analysis and synthesis of evidence to inform their implementation, delivery, and compliance through research monitoring and evaluation.

2.      The preservation of scientific capacities, threatened by global migration trends, is key to peace, sustainable development, resilience and recovery

Peace and prosperity depend not only on economic or natural resources, but also on a society’s capacity to anticipate, identify and understand challenges, and to act effectively to generate and deploy scientific knowledge. The capacity to educate, attract and retain professionals in science, technology and innovation (STI) is essential for societies to follow sustainable development paths and is the main pillar of any attempt for successful recovery and reconstruction, following conflict, economic crises, and natural and anthropogenic disasters.

Individual causes for migration among scientists may range from career or economic benefits, discrimination of underrepresented groups, the limitation of academic freedom, and political instability, to famine and armed-conflicts. Regardless of the causes, continuous and long-lasting out-migration of skilled STI personnel undermines present and future capacities for innovation in all countries and leads to an acceleration in development gaps. Such global and regional migration patterns must be acknowledged as a shared challenge and leveraged to create future development opportunities.

Science must make an increasingly important contribution to the discourse surrounding migration: the science community must offer insights into the causes, benefits and challenges connected with migration, give voice to underrepresented stakeholders, and support the development of policies based on empirical evidence to respond to the causes and consequences of migration.

The debilitating effects of brain drain on equitable global progress in recent decades have been exacerbated by rapidly increasing dislocation and forced migration. In the Middle East and North Africa alone, war and civil conflicts have forced millions of people to leave their homes and with migration as their only option. Integration of migrant scientists is marked by inequalities in terms of countries of origin, gender or religion, and the underutilization of skills due to bureaucratic obstacles and a lack of recognition of qualifications.

In order to prevent an irreversible loss of human capital in science, it is imperative to introduce measures to help those displaced to continue their careers, and when the time comes to enable them to contribute effectively to rebuilding and reconstruction.

We call on science organizations, universities and governments to devise mechanisms to identify professionals among the millions displaced by war, economic hardship and climate change, and set recommendations that protect their status and their ability to create knowledge.

We underline the need for education and jobs programs to support mobility and integration of migrant and refugee researchers and students.

We call for the inclusion of migrant and refugee researchers in the negotiation process of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration due to be signed by UN Member States in 2018.

3.      Diversity is a key enabler of excellence in science, technology and innovation and is essential to optimise its relevance and impact

Diversity is a key enabler of scientific excellence and improves the social, environmental and economic impacts of science, thus contributing to prosperity and peace. For the scientific community to innovate effectively, it must reflect different methodologies, linguistics, life experiences and cultural values.

Diversity and inclusion should address all forms of discrimination. Conscious and unconscious biases and imbalances are even more apparent in leadership roles.

Uniformity breeds a recurring and self-affirming scientific monologue that impairs genuine innovation. The homogeneity of scientific communities discourages diversity from the earliest stages of science education.

We call for the recognition and promotion of diversity in science as an essential precursor to fully realising the potential of human capacities globally, to cherishing excellence, and to optimising the impact of scientific research for the benefit of humankind

We advocate for innovative measures and the assessment of gender-disaggregated data, as well as support for the design and implementation of science, technology and innovation (STI) policy instruments that positively affect gender equality in STEM.

4.      We commit to the fulfilment of the universal right to science

We reinforce and commit to promote the right for all to participate in the advancement of science and the right to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress and its applications as established in Article 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), and Article 15 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966).

In the five decades since the adoption of these core documents for peace and equitable progress, the world of science has seen fundamental and systemic changes and challenges: The emergence of new actors, new methods, transdisciplinary approaches requiring co-design and co-production of knowledge, increased responsibilities for the global scientific community, and the globalisation of commerce and industry. These changes have challenged partnerships among the stakeholders of science. This transformed global landscape calls for the empowerment of the right to science, and for a normative structure to support and expand its applications. This must be complemented by an interdisciplinary approach to the assessment of new scientific discoveries and technologies that embraces social scientists in mapping systemic impacts on societies.

We, the partner organisations of the World Science Forum, and all participants of World Science Forum 2017, commit to defend academic freedom.

We embrace the Principle of the Universality of Science adopted by ICSU member organisations, the renewed Recommendation on Science and Scientific Researchers adopted by UNESCO, the Statement on Scientific Freedom and Responsibility adopted by AAAS, and IAP’s Doing Global Science: A Guide to Responsible Conduct in the Global Research Enterprise.

We call for the stakeholders of science to join together in promoting and communicating the universal right to science as an essential precursor to building a fair and durable peace.

5.      We support the launch of a regional science forum for the Arab World

We recognise the importance of regional initiatives to strengthen cohesion within diverse scientific communities and to build partnerships among them. In this respect we support the organisation and promotion of regional science fora as powerful tools to initiate positive change focusing on regional challenges to science systems.

In this spirit we support the launch of an Arab Science Forum to draw together science and research communities, to focus scientific capacity to address regional challenges, and to connect regional science voices to the wider discourse of established regional fora.

We as partner organisations and participants of World Science Forum 2017 commit our support to the establishment of the Arab Science Forum.

World Science Forum 2017 concludes

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Dead Sea, Nov. 10 (Petra) — The World Science Forum 2017, which was attended by more than 3,000 science leaders from more than 120 countries, concluded at the Dead Sea shores on Friday evening.

During the closing ceremony, HRH Prince Hassan bin Talal, Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Royal Scientific Society, highlighted the importance of the forum in exchanging research and studies among scientists in the region and worldwide.

He called for employing science for peace and social security and in addressing various global issues, underscoring the importance of developing knowledge while preserving values and priorities.

He pointed out the need to bridge the gap between education and society and achieve social justice. The Prince also stressed the importance of supporting youths and promote their capacity, noting Jordan’s ability to shoulder the burden of refugees from a large number of countries in the region. He said that Jordan was able to overcome problems and crises in the region.

HRH Princess Sumaya Bint Al Hassan, President of the forum, said the event called for the need for sustainable management of natural resources to avoid conflicts and promote peaceful development. The forum released a statement calling for the need to maintain scientific capacity as the key to peace and sustainable development.

Princess Sumaya also announced the launch of a regional forum for science in the Arab region, stressing the importance of such regional initiatives aimed at enhancing cohesion within the scientific communities and building partnerships among them.

//Petra//
10/11/2017 – 09:41:34 PM

Princess Sumaya says hosting World Science Forum confirms Jordan’s position as place for dialogue

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AMMAN — HRH Princess Sumaya, the president of the Royal Scientific Society (RSS), on Tuesday welcomed leading international scientists and policymakers to the RSS as she convened the second meeting of the steering committee of the World Science Forum 2017 (WSF). 

The princess, who chairs the WSF 2017, said it was a great privilege for Jordan to plan and host in November the “world’s most prestigious science forum” for the first time in the Middle East.

The eighth WSF will be held at the Dead Sea under the heading of “Science for Peace”, according to an RSS statement. 

The meeting, which is known as the “Davos of Science”, will examine how science, technology and innovation can help create a better future for the world. 

“For the first time, WSF will have an Arab and Middle Eastern focus as the world’s leading scientists and policymakers make Jordan the focus of attention for debate and discussion,” the statement said.

Princess Sumaya voiced hope that the WSF 2017 would act as a launch pad for cooperation in science, technology and innovation across the Arab world. 

The princess said she was delighted that the WSF, and the global attention it attracts, would confirm Jordan’s position as a place for dialogue and the exchange of ideas.

 

 

 

21st Islamic World Academy of Sciences Conference

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Science, Technology and Innovation for Global Peace and Prosperity

 Konya, Turkey

8-11 October 2017

The Islamic World Academy of Sciences (IAS) convened its 21st international science conference in Konya, Turkey, during 8-11 October 2017. The theme of the conference was ‘Science, Technology and Innovation for Global Peace and Prosperity.’

Held at the Dedeman Hotel in Konya, the IAS Conference was an open activity in which over 120 local and international participants representing over 30 countries participated. Among the participants were Fellows of the IAS, local scientists from the various universities, young university students, expatriate Turkish scientists as well as representatives of Asian, African and Western academies of sciences. Prior to the conference, the 21st meeting of the General Assembly of the IAS as well as the 40th meeting of the IAS Council were convened.

The 21st IAS Conference was organised and sponsored by:

  • Islamic World Academy of Sciences (IAS), Amman, Jordan;
  • Turkish Academy of Sciences (TÜBA), Ankara, Turkey; and
  • Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey.

It was co-sponsored by:

  • Arab Fund for Social and Economic Development (AFSED), Kuwait, Kuwait;
  • Economic Cooperation Organization Science Foundation (ECOSF), Islamabad, Pakistan;
  • Islamic Development Bank (IDB), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia;
  • OIC Standing Ministerial Committee on Scientific and Technological Co-operation (COMSTECH), Islamabad, Pakistan; and
  • Arab Potash Company, Amman, Jordan.

The conference addressed a number of key issues in the domain of science, technology and innovation (STI) for peace and prosperity.

اختتام أعمال المؤتمر العلمي الـ21 لأكاديمية العالم الإسلامي للعلوم

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عمان 15 تشرين الأول (بترا)-

اختتمت أكاديمية العالم الإسلامي للعلوم، وهي منظمة دولية متخصصة بشؤون العلوم والتكنولوجيا تتخذ من عمان مقرا لها، أعمال مؤتمرها العلمي الحادي والعشرين والذي عقد في مدينة قونية بتركيا تحت عنوان “العلوم والتكنولوجيا والابتكار من أجل السلام والرفاه العالميين”.

 

ووفق بيان صحفي أصدرته الأكاديمية اليوم الأحد، فقد اشتمل المؤتمر على أكثر من 50 ورقة بحثية قدمها خبراء من أكثر من 40 دولة مختلفة حول مواضيع: الدور المستقبلي للجامعات، وسياسات الابتكار في الدول الاسلامية، والتنمية المستدامة، والثقافة العلمية في المجتمعات الإسلامية.

وشارك في هذه التظاهرة، أكثر من 120 باحثا أكاديميا منهم رئيسا الوزراء الأسبقان عبد السلام المجالي، الذي يشغل منصب رئيس مجلس إدارة اكاديمية العالم الاسلامي للعلوم، وعدنان بدران، والدكتور شاهر المومني من الجامعة الاردنية وهو زميل (عضو) الأكاديمية، بالإضافة الى الدكتور منيف رافع الزعبي، مدير عام الاكاديمية.

وفي ختام المؤتمر أصدرت الاكاديمية اعلان قونية حول (العلوم والتكنولوجيا والابتكار من اجل السلام والرفاه العالميين)، ويتضمن مجموعة توصيات تحث الدول الإسلامية والنامية على تحديث سياساتها في مجال العلوم والتكنولوجيا والابتكار والسعي الى انفاق نسبة 1 بالمئة من الناتج المحلي الاجمالي للدولة على البحث العلمي.

كما اشتمل الاعلان على توصيتين تنفيذيتين تتعلق الاولى بإعداد نموذج لتقييم حالة الابتكار في الدول النامية والاسلامية والاخرى نموذجا للرصد البيئي في هذه الدول.

يذكر انه تم اعادة انتخاب المجالي رئيسا للأكاديمية خلال اجتماع هيئتها العامة بالأجماع وبدران كعضو للمجلس وأمينا للمال، وذلك في اجتماع الهيئة العامة للأكاديمية الذي استعرض فيه الدكتور منيف الزعبي مديرها العام انجازات وبرامج الاكاديمية.

–(بترا) م خ/س أ/ار

15/10/2017 – 04:35 م

http://www.petra.gov.jo/Public_News/Nws_NewsDetails.aspx?Site_Id=2&lang=1&NewsID=322709&CatID=14&Type=Home&GType=1

The First Summit on Science and Technology of the OIC, Astana, Kazakhstan, 10-11 September 2017.

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ASTANA. KAZINFORM The first ever Summit of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation on science and technologies with the participation of the heads of several states started in Astana’s Independence Palace today, Kazinform correspondent reports. The two-day international event will determine priorities, goals, and objectives in the field of science, technology and innovation development in the OIC member countries. The idea of convening the summit was proposed by the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev during the OIC Summit in Istanbul in 2016. The topic of the summit is “Science, Technology, Innovation and Modernization in the Islamic World”. Being a meeting during which the heads of state and government for the first time in history will exclusively be discussing scientific and technical issues, the summit is expected to facilitate the creation of a basis for a new scientific and technological agenda. It will also confirm the organization’s commitment to science and technology, setting priorities, goals, and recommendations for Muslim countries for the coming decade. It is also expected that the meeting will discuss the situation with Muslims in Myanmar. The main documents of the summit will be the Final Communiqué and the Astana Declaration. Representatives of 56 OIC countries and other international and regional organizations are taking part in the summit, as well as representatives non-member states such President of Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro who arrived in Astana this morning. According to him, he plans to use the platform to offer his formula for stabilizing oil prices. The OIC Award Ceremony in Science and Technology will also be held during the Summit in Kazakh capital. The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation was established in 1969. The Permanent Secretariat is the executive organ of the Organisation, entrusted with the implementation of the decisions of the two preceding bodies, and is located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Currently, the organization has of 57 member states, with a collective population of over 1.6 billion as of 2008. Five countries and five international organizations have observer status within the Organizations. Kazakhstan has been a member of the OIC since 1995. The Permanent Mission of Kazakhstan to OIC has been operating in Jeddah since March 2010. The country presided at the 38th session of the Council of Foreign Ministers of OIC that was held on July 28-30, 2011.

http://www.inform.kz/en/first-oic-summit-on-science-technology-opens-in-astana_a3063280

COMSTECH Awards 2017 In ‘Biology’ and ‘Chemistry’

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The Organization of Islamic Cooperation Standing Committee on Scientific and   Technological Cooperation (COMSTECH) announces the award of prizes, which are intended to encourage and support scientific contributions in basic sciences. COMSTECH will offer Awards in the fields of Biology and Chemistry during the 16th Session of COMSTECH General Assembly.

Jordan Stakes its Future on Science

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The country wants to use a focus on research to solve its problems and build diplomatic ties in the Middle East.

When the World Science Forum kicks off on the shore of the Dead Sea in November, it will be the latest jewel in the crown for one of Jordan’s biggest champions of science. Princess Sumaya bint El Hassan successfully lured the high-profile biennial conference to the Middle East for the first time — part of Jordan’s ongoing push to transform itself into a regional research powerhouse. The country hopes to emphasize the power of science to transcend politics and war in the increasingly volatile Middle East.

It’s a tall order, but there are signs that these efforts are beginning to pay off for Jordan, which created its first national science fund in 2005. In February, the country cemented plans for a reticular-chemistry foundry, the world’s first. And in May, the Middle East’s first synchrotron, SESAME, opened near Amman with the backing of seven nations and the Palestinian Authority.

Jordan’s leaders see science, engineering and technology as an engine of economic growth for their 71-year-old country, which lacks the oil resources of many neighbouring states. The nation’s political stability and central location have aided these ambitions. So has its diplomacy: Jordan is one of the only places in the Middle East where scientists from Israel and Arab countries can meet. “We are all in the region facing issues with energy, water and the environment,” El Hassan says. “A bird with avian flu does not know whether there is a peace accord between Israel and Jordan, it just flies across the border.”

The princess did not set out to be an architect of Jordan’s science ambitions, however. In 1994, her father — the brother of King Hussein — asked the then-24-year-old art-school graduate to lead the board of trustees for an information technology college in Amman (now the Princess Sumaya University for Technology). El Hassan initially declined the job, but relented on the condition that she would first earn a computer-science diploma from the school.

Through that experience, El Hassan says, “I came to see science as a tool for human dignity. I began to see myself as a science enabler.” In 2006, she became president of the Royal Scientific Society, an applied-science institution in Amman that also facilitates research collaborations across Jordan.

The country has focused its science efforts on areas that could improve daily life for its citizens, such as energy development. “The country was dependent on oil in Iraq, and then natural gas from Egypt,” says Khaled Toukan, chairman of the Jordan Atomic Energy Commission. “The problem with these sole sources is that we were subjected to political changes, like the US invasion of Iraq and the overthrow of the Egyptian government.” Now, he says, Jordan is looking to exploit its uranium resources to include nuclear power, and it is exploring the potential of solar and wind energy.

The Jordanian government is also looking for ways to cope with one of the lowest levels of water availability in the world — a problem that has intensified with the recent influx of an estimated 1.3 million Syrian refugees. Some help could come from a partnership that the Royal Scientific Society announced in February with the University of California, Berkeley, to build a reticular-chemistry foundry. Reticular chemistry involves making porous crystals. It was pioneered by Jordanian chemist Omar Yaghi, who heads the Berkeley Global Science Institute and has developed materials that can harvest water from the atmosphere.

Still, Jordan faces a long climb to fulfil its scientific ambitions. The country spent just over 0.4% of its gross domestic product (GDP) on research and development in 2011, the latest year for which figures are available. That beats its wealthy neighbour Saudi Arabia (0.07% of GDP), but Jordan lags behind some nearby countries, such as Turkey. And although Jordan nearly doubled its yearly output of scientific publications between 2005 and 2014, from 641 to 1,093, the overall number remains small.

To help build research capacity, the government set up the Jordanian Scientific Research Support Fund in 2005. The fund was initially supported by a law that required all companies in Jordan to pay 1% of their profits into the fund. By 2012, when that statute was overturned, the fund had acquired US$85 million. It is now kept afloat by Jordan’s universities, which must spend 3% of their annual budgets on research or contributions to the fund. Between 2008 and 2016, the foundation gave a total of $35 million to 325 projects, mainly in the medical, pharmaceutical and agricultural sciences.

Abeer Al Bawab, a chemist who in March became director of the fund, is thinking deeply about how to monitor its success. “The oldest university in the country is only 55 years old, and the support fund has just been around for ten years,” she notes. Because Jordan is still building its culture of science, Al Bawab says that metrics such as the rate of scientific publications are not by themselves the best indicators of progress. She hopes to quantify the intersections between academic research, science policy and the private sector.

In the meantime, El Hassan hopes that the World Science Forum will help to raise the profile of science in the eyes of the Jordanian public. “A generation of analytical thinkers and risk takers,” she says, “is something I’d like to see.”

Amy Maxmen

02 August 2017 Corrected: 02 August 2017

https://www.nature.com/news/jordan-stakes-its-future-on-science-1.22390

Capitalize on African biodiversity – H E Prof. Ameenah Gurib-Fakim FIAS

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Artemisinin, ginkgolides, quinine, reserpine, scopolamine, paclitaxel. What do these molecules have in common? They are all extracted from plants and transformed into useful drugs, treating conditions including malaria, nausea, cancer and high blood pressure. None of the plants is from Africa.

Almost 60% of commercially available drugs are based on molecules derived from natural sources. Yet only 83 of some 1,100 blockbuster drugs of this type originate from Africa. Meanwhile, tropical and subtropical Africa has up to 45,000 plant species that may hold value for industry and humanity. This multitude represents at least 25% of the world’s plant genetic resources.

With the appropriate infrastructure — technical, legal and regulatory — this treasure trove could translate into enormous wealth. In my view, this would create opportunities for Africa’s youth. I have been laying the groundwork for that translation as an academic, documenting uses of medicinal plants, as an entrepreneur and, most recently, as president of Mauritius. My island nation of 1.3 million people lies in the Indian Ocean about 1,100 kilometres east of Madaga­scar. I was elected by parliament in 2015, and am charged with upholding Mauritians’ fundamental rights and helping our institutions. I believe key to both tasks is our unique biodiversity.

Very few African countries have made similar efforts. And species are disappearing fast, owing to climate change, habitat loss, development and other pressures. The extinction rate on the continent is almost twice the global average. Mauritius and nearby islands are designated as biodiversity hotspots; yet almost 100 species have become extinct since the arrival of people in the seventeenth century, and only 2% of the native forest remains.

What’s more, traditional information about the uses of plants is usually transmitted orally rather than formally catalogued, and recipes are considered trade and family secrets and so unlikely to be shared. As the African proverb states, an elderly person’s death can be like a library burning to the ground. For too long, we have underestimated and undervalued the insight into our flora and fauna contained in this lore.

Documentation is crucial. As a professor of organic chemistry at the University of Mauritius, I started my career collecting traditional knowledge of locally used medicinal and aromatic plants and grew to realize their huge economic potential. I became a co-founder of the African Association of Medicinal Plants Standards (AAMPS). The AAMPS is a network of dozens of researchers who came together to create the first African Herbal Pharmacopoeia — a scientific database of medicinal plants, and of tests to assess their chemical components and purity. A second volume will be published by 2018.

To commercialize this knowledge — to help it ‘cross the valley of death’ from lab bench to marketplace — I founded a start-up, the Centre for Phytotherapy Research (CEPHYR), in 2009. In 2015, this was rebranded as the Centre International de Développement Pharmaceutique (CIDP); it searches out innovative ingredients from our local species and brings them up to internationally recognized standards.

Many African plant products are showing promise. Standardized extracts of Sceletium tortuosumhave been tested for their tranquillizing properties. The recipe came from the San people of southern Africa. An extract of the hoodia cactus-like plant, also long used by the San to control hunger, was explored as an appetite suppressant by Pfizer and Unilever. Other extracts of African plants — including nuts of the shea tree (Vitellaria paradoxa) and seed oil of the baobab (Adansonia spp.) — are used commercially in skin and beauty products.

These successes illustrate an opportunity to rethink Africa’s development outside extractive industries. High-quality tertiary education and research would transform our capacity to build on these pockets of promise, as Brazil has shown. In addition, closer partnerships must be developed with philanthropy and the private sector. The CIDP emerged thus; it employs 200 people, and is just one company. There is potential for many more.

Of course, such partnerships must be managed carefully, as I learnt the hard way. I found myself mired in controversy this year after I tried to forge links to build scientific capacity with a London-based charity — Planet Earth Institute, founded by the African businessman Álvaro Sobrinho. The charity has some internationally acclaimed trustees. After scholarships had been awarded to young Mauritians, I withdrew from this initiative following alleged concerns about the business operations.

But bumps in the road should not divert African nations such as mine from becoming producers of knowledge. African academics, funders and policymakers must begin to find new ways to nurture the talents and energy of our young people. Empowered with the latest technology, my hope is that innovators and entrepreneurs will develop a meritocratic culture. My dream is that biodiversity, soundly managed, will bring that sort of bounty to Africa.

Nature

https://www.nature.com/news/capitalize-on-african-biodiversity-1.22388

Astana to host OIC Summit on Science and Technologies in September 2017

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ASTANA. KAZINFORM In 2017, Astana will host the Summit on Science and Technologies of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, according to Majilis Speaker Nurlan Nigmatulin.

“We are always ready for cooperation with other countries in development of new technologies and innovations. In this regard, the initiative of President Nursultan Nazarbayev to hold the OIC Summit on Science and Technologies in Astana in 2017 gains a special importance,” said Nigmatulin at the Asian Inter-Parliamentary Forum for Science, Technologies and Innovations.

“The event will give a new impetus to strengthening international ties in development of science and innovations,” the Majilis Speaker explained.

“In our opinion, we need to concentrate our efforts on implementation of the economic development projects and enhancing the role of science and technologies in the Islamic countries to improve social condition of the population,” he stressed.

Noteworthy to say, that the Asian Inter-Parliamentary Forum for Science, Technologies and Innovations includes seven thematic sessions. On the first day of the Forum, the participants will discuss  the policy in the sphere of science, technologies and innovations. The agenda includes also issues of formation of legislative base for the development of education and science sectors in the era of globalization, the role of parliamentarians and the ways of their interaction with the national institutions in implementation of national programs and priorities. The participants will debate also research and technical dimensions in productivity. Parliamentarians, governmental officials, researchers and experts from Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Algeria, Bangladesh, Egypt, India, Indonesia, the Comoro  Islands, Pakistan, The Gambia, the Republic of Mali etc. will share their experience at the event.

On the second day of the Forum, the participants will discuss the cooperation  among the countries in science, technologies and innovations.

The international experience of India, UAE, Cote d’Ivoire, Morocco and Tajikistan will be considered as well. The issue of transition to “green economy” will be in spotlight of the Forum too.

During the Forum, the Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO) will present its research into the best models of regulatory-legal framework and incentive mechanisms in the field of science, technologies and innovations in the OIC member and non-member countries.

ISESCO is an active partner in organization of parliamentary forums together with the UNESCO. It contributes to strengthening the role of parliaments’ science committees or commissions in effective implementation of scientific-technical policy and establishment of cooperation among various components of innovation systems as well as in attraction and concentration of resources for the promotion of Kazakhstan’s scientific development.

A final document – Astana Declaration on Strengthening Inter-Parliamentary Islamic Cooperation in the field of Science, Technologies and Innovations – will be signed after the two-day Forum.

The Forum is organized by the Majilis of the Kazakhstan Parliament together with the ISESCO and Islamic Development Bank.

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The late Prof. Mustafa Doruk FIAS (Turkey)

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 It is with a sense of sadness and sorrow that the President and the Director General of the Islamic World Academy of Sciences (IAS) in Amman, Jordan, announce the passing away of the eminent Turkish scientist: Prof. Mustafa Doruk, Founding Fellow of the Islamic World Academy of Sciences. He was 85.

Prof. Doruk was born on February 23, 1932. He was educated in Turkey, and West Germany, and received the following degrees: (1953) Engineer in Mechanical Engineering, Engineering School, Yildiz/ Istanbul, Turkey.

(1956) Dip-Ing (Higher Diploma), in Mechanical Engineering, Technische Hochschule Darmstadt, Germany. (1961) Dr-Ing (PhD) in Materials Science, Technische Hochschule Darmstadt, Germany.

During the period 1963-1970, he was Assistant Professor at the Middle East Technical University METU, Department of Metallurgical Engineering; Assoc. Prof. (1970-1976), and Full Professor since 1976. He was a United Nations Scholar at the University of California at Los Angeles, Calif. (1972-1973) and Visiting Professor at Technische Hochschule Darmstadt, Germany (1979). He was Chairman of the Department of Metallurgical Engineering at METU (1965-1969); Assistant President and Acting President at METU (1974-1977); and then Dean of Faculty of Engineering at METU (1978-1985). He was Chairman of the Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering at METU (1988-1997).

Prof. Doruk did research in: Metallography, X-ray Metallography, electrochemical measurements as applied to corrosion and stress corrosion; mechanical measurements as applied to creep and fatigue; mechanical characterization of materials; structures and structural instabilities in chromium-nickel stainless steels; fracture mechanics, structure and mechanical properties of composites; creep rupture; corrosion as well as passivity and electrodeposition.

Prof. Doruk taught undergraduate and graduate students at METU, and offered courses for industrial training in corrosion and chemical cleaning of boilers. He supervised graduate students on several research topics. He gained industrial experience through working in the leading industries in West Germany and through numerous contracted research projects in METU.

Prof. Doruk was a member of the Chamber of Turkish Metallurgical Engineers, member of the Structure and Materials Panel of NATO/AGARD (1981-1994), member of the International Congress of Fracture (ICF), member of the International Congress on Corrosion (ICC) and Founding Member of the Corrosion Association of Turkey. He was also a Founding Fellow of the Islamic World Academy of Sciences (1986).

In November 1999, Prof. Doruk was made “Honorary Senator” of the Technical University of Darmstadt (TUD), Germany, in recognition of his work to establish scientific collaboration between METU (Turkey), and TUD (Germany).

Prof. Doruk will be greatly missed by his colleagues and fellow scientists in Turkey and the Islamic World. “Ina Lillah Wa Ina Ilaihi Raj’oon.”

IAS President, Fellows and staff offer their heartfelt condolences to his family and friends throughout the World.

 

The Islamic Sciences In The Western World (Middle Ages-Renaissance) Exchanges, Transmission, Influence

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Impact of Islamic studies on West explored in conference
By Rula Samain – Apr 25,2017

AMMAN — The impact of Islamic studies on the West is the focus of a three-day conference which began in Amman on Tuesday.

The International Conference on The Islamic Sciences in the Western World (Middle Ages — Renaissance) Exchanges, Transmission, Influence, brings together scientists and researchers from the Arab world and beyond. 

The conference, organised by the Royal Institute for Inter-Faith Studies (RIIFS) in cooperation with the International Union of Academies (UAI), Petra University and UNESCO, will review the impact of Islamic studies on the West, using foreign studies to assess this impact in detail.

Inaugurating the event, HRH Prince Hassan, who chairs the RIIFS, called for an approach to science which puts humankind at the centre of the equation of sustainability and development, to enable us to perform our duty, the Jordan News Agency, Petra, reported.

He said that the physical world yearns for order in chaos, highlighting the necessity to establish peace.

“The peace I am talking about is the one that starts from within, that reflects on addressing the shared responsibility in cooperation with science and politics; the medium and long term programmes specially in discussing energy, food and water.”  

Noting that Jordan is the second water poorest country worldwide, he asked “How can any country continue or survive without a proper regional method of dealing with water problem?”

He stressed the need for an integrated vision to establish peace with a proper knowledge of sustainable development, calling for a new humanitarian world order. 

The real form of capital is the human capital, Prince Hassan said, urging “intellectual-emotional” investment through what he called “The Paths of Thoughts” that can lead to mutual understanding.

Peace can be realised through international cooperation and sharing of responsibility in dealing with politics and science, the prince highlighted, adding that this requires integration and coordination among various initiatives and a holistic vision that puts science in the service of peace. 

The prince said that the interfaith dialogue between the followers of religion is also between those with non-religion, adding “The main concern now is how to dialogue with the other.” 

UAI Deputy Secretary General Jean-Luc De Paepe gave a briefing about the union, which was created in 1919 in Paris with a general secretariat established in Brussels. It is currently made up of more than 100 academies from 63 countries, including Jordan.

Majida Omar, RIIFS’ director, highlighted the importance of the conference in researching our mutual history and knowledge, which helps on the road to progress.

TÜBA Academy Prizes 2017

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TÜBA Academy Prizes are annually awarded to three of the nominated scientists each being in one of the following categories of sciences namely 1) Basic and Engineering sciences, 2) Health and Life sciences and 3) Social Sciences and Humanities. Every year one of the prizes is awarded to scientists with Turkish connection, meaning those who work in Turkey and/or study Turkey.

TÜBA Academy Prizes are given to those scientists with ORIGINAL, LEADING and PATH-BREAKING works in their fields. Nominations are made by TÜBA members, academies and inter-academy organizations with which TÜBA is in cooperation and other science institutions and scientists invited as nominators. Members of TÜBA and those who take part in the evaluation process of the prizes cannot be nominated.

The nominees are evaluated by a Prize Committee in each category. The Committees, composed of TÜBA members and renowned scientists, examine the works of the candidates via a rigorous process involving peer-review and identify the possible prize laureates. The laureates are announced by the Academy Council of TÜBA. The Academy Prizes, comprising an Academy Medal and prize money of USD 30.000 for each, are awarded in a special ceremony. The Prize Ceremony is held under the auspices of the President of the Republic of Turkey.

https://www.facebook.com/turkiyebilimlerakademisi

https://twitter.com/TUBA_TurkBlmAkd

http://www.tuba.gov.tr

 

Prof. Ali H. Nayfeh passed away

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وفاة العالم علي حسن نايفة

27-03-2017 07:08 PM

توفي في وقت مبكر من صباح 27/3/2017، العالم الفلسطيني الاردني الكبير والأستاذ في الجامعة الأردنية، على حسن نايفة، عن عمر ناهز 83 عامًا.

وتخرج «نايفة» في جامعة ستانفورد في الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية، وحصل على درجتي الماجستير والدكتوراه في عام ونصف العام فقط، وأشرف على نحو 80 رسالة دكتوراه، وله عدة مؤلفات في مجال الهندسة الميكانيكية.

وحصل العالم «علي حسن نايفة» على جائزة بنجامين فرانكلين في الهندسة الميكانيكية عام 2014، وهى الجائزة التي تُعادل جائزة نوبل في العلوم، علاوة على جائزة ليبانوف من الجمعية الأمريكية للمهندسين عام 2005، ووسام الشرف الذهبي من أكاديمية العلوم المتخصصة عام 2007.

وولد العالم «علي حسن نايفة» عام 1933 في قرية الشويكة في فلسطين، وعاش طفولته في الأردن، ثم انتقل إلى الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية لدراسة العلوم الهندسية، وعمل أستاذا في جامعة فيرجينا للتكنولوجيا منذ عام 1976، علاوة على تطوعه للتدريس في الجامعة الأردنية. وهو الشقيق الأكبر للدكتور عدنان نايفه والدكتور منير نايفه، زميل أكاديمية العالم الإسلامي للعلوم.

                                                                          Prof. Ali H. Nayfeh passed away

Professor Ali H. Nayfeh passed away on 27 March 2017,  in Amman, Jordan. He was 83.

Prof. Nayfeh earned his BS in engineering science (1962), MS (1963) and PhD (1964) in aeronautics and astronautics from Stanford University all in four and a half years. He has made seminal contributions to several branches of science and engineering, including solid and fluid mechanics, acoustics, nonlinear dynamics, linear and nonlinear control of engineering systems, aerospace engineering, power systems, power electronics, ship dynamics and stability, sway control of military and commercial cranes, atomic force microscopes, and micro-electromechanical systems.

Recipient of the Benjamin Franklin Medal in Mechanical Engineering. (Presented for the development of novel methods to model complex engineering systems in structural dynamics, acoustics, fluid mechanics and electromechanical systems), 2014.

Prof. Nayfeh was the author of several books and hundreds of research papers, and has supervised over 80 doctoral dissertations.

Dr Nayfeh was born on 1933 in the Palestinian town of Shuwaikah / Tulkarm in Palestine. He was the eldest brother of Dr Adnan Nayfeh and Dr Munir Nayfeh FIAS.

إنا لله وإنا اليه راجعون،،،،،

 

IAS 2011 Conference Proceedings Online

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IAS 2011 Conference Proceedings has  recently been uploaded onto the IAS website <www.iasworld.org> under the section Recent Publications or directly http://www.iasworld.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/Qatar-Contents-Final.pdf

Proceedings of the 18th IAS Science Conference on

 “The Islamic World and The West:

Rebuilding Bridges through Science and Technology,”

organised in Doha/ Qatar;

22-24 October 2011

Jordanian princess, a science advocate, awarded a Chancellor’s Citation

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On a recent visit to UC Berkeley, Her Royal Highness Princess Sumaya bint El Hassan of Jordan, an advocate for science as a catalyst for change in the Arab world and the president of Jordan’s Royal Scientific Society, was awarded a Chancellor’s Citation by Chancellor Nicholas Dirks.

The Jordanian royal visitor met with the chancellor and other campus dignitaries on Feb. 23 in California Hall.

The Chancellor’s Citation is awarded to distinguished visitors, alumni and friends whose great achievements the university salutes and whose presence honors and benefits the campus.

Professor Omar M. Yaghi, who holds the Neeltje Tretter Chair in the Department of Chemistry and is the founding director of the Berkeley Global Science Institute (BGSI), has worked closely with Princess Sumaya over the past five years to re-engage the Jordanian diaspora community in scientific research to address global problems. A BGSI delegation met with the royal visitor to discuss plans for building a Reticular Foundry, to serve as a hub of scientific research attracting top talent from throughout Jordan and the Middle East region. This joint partnership will train the next generation of problem-solvers, innovators, and scientific leaders.

The princess also serves as chair of the World Science Forum (WSF), which will be hosted by Jordan in November 2017. WSF is a leading forum for science and policymaking, and this will be the first time it is held in the Middle East. The theme for the 2017 WSF is “Science for Peace,” and HRH has said she hopes that the event will inspire young people and give policymakers renewed appreciation for science and the scientific method.

Princess Sumaya was accompanied by Asal Al-Tal, deputy chief of mission from the Jordanian Embassy in Washington, D.C., as well as Conor de Lion, RSS director of external relations. In a surprise, she was joined by her mother, HRH Princess Sarvath El Hassan, who made a special trip to Berkeley to witness and celebrate her daughter’s receipt of the honorary award.

Harvard University Marshal welcomes Princess Sumaya bint El-Hassan of Jordan

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Princess Sumaya Bint Hassan of Jordan

February 17, 2017

Harvard University Marshal welcomed Her Royal Highness Princess Sumaya bint El-Hassan of Jordan at the Marshal’s Office during her visit to the Center for Green Buildings and Cities at the Harvard Graduate School of Design. Professor Ali Malkawi accompanied her, along with three aides. Her visit also included stops at Widener Library and the Harvard Art Museums.

http://marshal.harvard.edu/news/princess-sumaya-bint-hassan-jordan