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The Late Prof. M Ajmal Khan FIAS (Pakistan)

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It is with a sense of sadness and sorrow that the President and the Director General of the Islamic World Academy of Sciences (IAS) in Amman, Jordan, announce the passing away of the eminent Pakistani scientist: Prof. M. Ajmal Khan, Fellow of the Islamic World Academy of Sciences. He was 66.

Professor Muhammad Ajmal Khan, Professor & Director, Institute of Sustainable Halophyte Utilization, University of Karachi spent over 30 years in teaching and research. He was awarded the degree of MSc (1974) by the University of Karachi, PhD (1985) by Ohio University, USA and DSc (2010) by the University of Karachi. He was the recipient of Ohio University teaching assistantship (1980-1984); National Science Foundation, USA postdoctoral fellowship at Brigham Young University, USA (1984-1985); Fulbright visiting scholar, Ohio University, USA (1995-1996) and Adjunct Professorship at Brigham Young University, USA (1996-1997).

During the year 2000, Dr Khan was awarded Pakistan Academy of Science and INFAQ Foundation joint gold medal (1999) in the field of Botany. The President of Pakistan awarded Dr Khan with the Pride of Performance on 14th August 2001 and Sitara-i-Imtiaz in 2007 in recognition of his scientific contribution. He was elected a Fellow of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences in 2001 and TWAS in 2004.

Based on the Journal Citation Report (JCR), the Pakistan Council of Science and Technology ranked him among the leading biologists for the year 1999. In 2004, he was ranked as the best biologist and second in 2005 and 2007 and 13th among the scientists of all disciplines. The Higher Education Commission of Pakistan awarded him the title of Distinguished National Professor during 2005, and the Pakistan Academy of Sciences awarded him the title of Distinguished Professor of the year 2008.

Professor Khan joined the University of Karachi as a Lecturer in 1977. He was appointed as Assistant Professor of Botany in 1985, Associate Professor of Botany in 1989, Professor of Botany in 1996 and Director, Institute of Sustainable Halophyte Utilization in 2007. He has been instrumental in establishing a Halophyte Biology Laboratory in the Department of Botany for research on cash crop halophytes where more than 35 post-graduate students have completed their degrees.

Prof. Khan has completed 27 research projects on various aspects of salt tolerance in plants and has done pioneering work on mechanisms involving endogenous growth inhibitors under salt stress. He has published more than 180 research papers in well-known international journals, edited 8 books, arranged numerous symposia, participated in scientific moots and delivered invited lectures in several institutions of China, Hong Kong, Egypt, India, Bahrain, UAE., Morocco, Tunisia, Nepal, Turkey, Germany, and USA.

Dr. Khan’s research primarily focused on the utilization of areas destroyed by water logging and salinity by using non-conventional agricultural crops. During the last twelve years he has been working with scientists from France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Morocco, Mauritania, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, UAE, USA and Pakistan to develop new technologies to grow non conventional agricultural crops using seawater irrigation. He had also collaborated with a group of Chinese scientists under Pakistan – China collaboration protocol to further develop saline agriculture. He had achieved considerable success in running a sustainable system of fodder production and cattle farming with non-conventional crops irrigated with brackish water. He had demonstrated the feasibility of using a diet for cattle composed entirely of halophytes besides finding a number of halophyte seeds with high quality edible oil.

Dr. Khan’s research could revolutionize the agricultural scenario by using wastelands and low quality water to produce cash crop halophytes for the benefit of mankind particularly those located in the arid and sub-arid regions.

Prof. Khan was elected as a Fellow of the Islamic World Academy of Sciences in 2011.

Prof. Khan will be greatly missed by his colleagues and fellow scientists in the Islamic World. “Ina Lillah Wa Ina Ilaihi Raj’oon.”

IAS President, Fellows and staff offer their heartfelt condolences to his family and friends throughout the world.

Prince Hassan reflects on fire at Notre Dame Cathedral

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AMMAN — HRH Prince Hassan on Tuesday released a statement expressing sadness and condolences over the massive fire that ripped through the Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris

Prince Hassan said: “It was with deep sadness that we watched the great cathedral of Notre Dame in flames last night; that historic monument which has been witness to the best and worst of human history down the centuries.”

“Our ancient sacred spaces bear testimony to the growth of civilisation and human endeavour. They are monuments to the human ability to create, so too do they epitomise our ability to endure, rebuild and renew. As Victor Hugo wrote in his masterpiece about the great cathedral, ‘Great edifices, like great mountains, are the work of the ages,’” the prince added.

“I salute the brave fire officers and the people of France at this tragic moment. I wish the people of Paris well as they strive together to return the ancient heart of their city to her former glory and, in the not too distant future, inshallah, the famous bells of ‘Our Lady’ will ring out once more.”

By JT – Apr 16,2019 – Last updated at Apr 16,2019

Source: http://jordantimes.com/news/local/prince-hassan-reflects-fire-notre-dame-cathedral

Prof. Salim Yusuf FIAS (Canada) close to 300,000 Google Citations

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Prof. Salim Yusuf, IAS Fellow from Canada, is a distinguished University Professor of Medicine, and Executive Director of the Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University and Chief Scientist, Hamilton Health Sciences. Immediate Past President of the World Heart Federation

Salim Yusuf is an internationally renowned cardiologist and epidemiologist, whose work over 35 years has substantially improved the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease, thereby benefiting millions of people. Medically qualified in Bangalore in 1976, he received a Rhodes Scholarship and obtained a DPhil from Oxford, during which he (along with Richard Peto and Peter Sleight) initiated the concepts of large, simple trials, and meta-analysis. He coordinated the ISIS trial (which set the structure for future international collaborative work in cardiovascular disease) that demonstrated the value of beta-blockers in myocardial infarction, and served on the steering committees for all subsequent ISIS trials including the landmark ISIS 2 trial that showed that both thrombolytics and aspirin reduced mortality in AMI.

In 1984, he moved to the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, USA, where he developed and led the SOLVD trial and DIG trial. Both of these are the first large trials in heart failure and served as the model for subsequent major trials in heart failure resulting in substantial improvements in mortality.

   In 1992 he moved to McMaster University as the head of the Division of Cardiology, subsequently becoming the Vice-President of Research, and the Founding Director of the Population Health Research Institute (PHRI) at Hamilton Health Sciences, where he has established an international program of research in cardiovascular diseases and prevention.

His epidemiologic work in over 80 countries in all the inhabited continents of the world shows the majority of risks of both heart attacks (INTERHEART) and strokes (INTERSTROKE) are attributable to the same few risk factors thereby simplifying prevention of CVD globally.

He currently leads one of the largest studies exploring the role of multiple levels of influences (societal, policy, health behaviour, risk factors, health systems) on the development and outcomes after CVD and other non-communicable diseases among 200,000 people from 800 communities in 25 high, middle and low income countries in 5 continents.

Over the last 3 decades he has built capacity for clinical and population research across the world by establishing networks involving over 100 sites in 85 countries, spanning all inhabited continents of the world. He has trained over 100 researchers, many of whom are internationally renowned leaders in medical research. He has helped develop major research institutes or programs in Canada, India, Argentina, Brazil, S. Africa, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, and China.

He holds a Heart and Stroke Foundation of Ontario Research Chair, was a Senior Scientist of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (1999-2004), and has received the Lifetime Research Achievement award of the Canadian Cardiovascular Society, the Paul Wood Silver Medal of the British Cardiac Society, the European Society of Cardiology Gold medal, the American Heart Association Clinical Research Award, the Eugene Braunwald Lecturer of the American College of Cardiology in 2014, and over 50 other international and national awards for research. He has been inducted into the Royal Society of Canada, appointed as an Officer of the Order of Canada, in 2014 he received the Canada Gairdner Wightman Award, and was inducted into the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame. He has received honorary doctorates from the University of Wroclaw, Poland, and from the University of Goteborg, in 2015.

He has published over 1000 articles in refereed journals, was the second most cited researcher in the world for 2011 and has several times been in the top 20 cited scientists. His h-index is 179 (157,305 citations Thomson Reuters), h-index 237 (299,577 citations Google Scholar). He is the Immediate Past President of the World Heart Federation, where he has initiated an Emerging Leaders program in 35 countries to build capacity for implementation of evidence into practice, and the Roadmaps program to reduce the CVD burden globally within a generation. He was elected a Fellow of the Islamic World Academy of Sciences (IAS) in 2017, an academy of sciences which he has recently financially supported.

Prof. Ameenah Gurib FIAS is the 2019 IAS-COMSTECH Ibrahim Memorial Award Laureate

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The IAS Council has recently elected Professor Ameenah Gurib-Fakim FIAS (Mauritius), Managing Director of the Centre International de Développement Pharmaceutique (CIDP) Research and Innovation, as the Laureate of the IAS-COMSTECH Ibrahim Memorial Award, 2019. Prof. Ameenah is a former President of Mauritius.

Prof. Gurib-Fakim earned a BSc in chemistry from the University of Surrey (1983) and a PhD from the University of Exeter, UK (1987). During her academic journey, she participated in several consultation meetings on environmental issues organized by international organizations. Between 2011-2013, she was elected and served as chairperson of the International Council for Scientific Union – Regional Office for Africa, and served as an independent director on the Board of Barclays Bank of Mauritius Ltd between (2012-2015).

A Founding Member of the Pan African Association of African Medicinal Plants, she co-authored the first ever African Herbal Pharmacopoeia. She has authored and co-edited 28 books, several book chapters and scientific articles in the field of biodiversity conservation and sustainable development and has lectured extensively across the world; is a member of the editorial boards of major journals, has served on technical and national committees in various capacities. Elevated to the Order of the Commander of the Star and Key by the Government of Mauritius in 2008, she has been admitted to the Order of the Chevalier dans L’Ordre des Palmes Academiques by the Government of France in 2010 and is the recipient of 4 DSc(s).

Elected Fellow of several academies and societies, Ms Gurib-Fakim received several international prizes including the 2007 L’Oreal-UNESCO Prize for Women in Science, the African Union Commission Award for Women in Science, 2009.

On 05 June 2015, she was sworn in as the 6th President and the First Female President of the Republic of Mauritius and served in that capacity until March 2018.

She was elevated to the Order of GCSK by the Government of Mauritius, and received the Legion d’Honneur from the Government of France in 2016. In 2017, she received both the lifelong achievement award of the United States Pharmacopoeia-CePat Award and the American Botanical Council Norman Farnsworth Excellence in Botanical Research Award. In 2018, she received the Order of St George at the Semperopernball, Dresden, Germany, and the Global Energy Parliament Award, State of Kerala, India.

In June 2016, she was included in the Forbes List for the 100 ‘Most Powerful women in the world’ and the 1st among the Top 100 Women in Africa Forbes List 2017. She was also picked as one of Foreign Policy’s 2015 Global Thinkers.

Prof. Ameenah has been an active Fellow of the Islamic World Academy of Sciences since 2009.

Pain and anguish at the heinous attacks in New Zealand

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A Statement by HRH Prince El Hassan bin Talal

following the terrorist attacks in New Zealand, March 15th 2019

Words cannot express adequately the pain and anguish I feel at the heinous attacks in New Zealand. I share the anguish of my fellow Muslims at those who have orchestrated such diabolical carnage in a place of prayer. As a husband, a father and a grandfather, I can only imagine the pain and suffering felt by the families affected by this tragedy. In the weeks and months ahead, we must all stand together and raise aloft those values which must form the core of Islamic belief– compassion, respect and dignity. If we fail in this, then terror is victorious.

Those ideologues and demagogues who set themselves above the rights of man and the laws of God have no place in our world, no matter who their victims or what their ideologies. Their targets reflect the increasing polarisation of our population, where hatred and fear can be spread and exacerbated at the click of a mouse, and where atrocities are streamed live for the voyeuristic thrills of a silent audience. If it is true that ‘evil only wins when good men do nothing’, then let us now raise our collective voices, both Christian and Muslim alike, in our disgust and condemnation of these attacks.

Let us move away from the insidious culture that allows everyday hatred to creep into how we think about each other, instead focussing our thoughts on the shared humanity which ties us to each other more deeply than any superficial differences might divide. I echo the words of Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern who spoke about the ostracisation of immigrants and the Muslim community. “They are us” she said and I add, “and we are you.”

This is a time not only for good government, but more importantly, for good governance. We must face up to the divisions blighting our world. We must all work together to defeat hatred and give hope. This is not a mission of optimism, but one of necessity.

We may never properly come to terms with the senseless hatred that fuelled this outrage. However, we must offer our support to the victims of these attacks as they struggle to recover from the physical and mental trauma. Let us draw strength from our faith and our shared values. Most importantly, these terrible attacks must not be allowed to feed the hateful inhumanity of the few. Rather, these images of death and destruction must strengthen our compassion and elevate our common humanity. Instead of retribution and prolonged vitriol, let us call now for peace and decency, standing together as one. When all things have been forgotten, we can only ask ourselves, “What part did I play? Did I help or was I part of the problem?” Now is the time to cling onto our shared ideals, our hopes and the ties that bind us all, no matter where we come from or who we are. Now we work to overcome this darkness and remember that, in the words of Rabindranath Tagore, ‘Faith is the bird that feels the light and sings when the dawn is still dark.’

Atta-ur-Rahman FIAS to head a Science and Technology Task Force in Pakistan

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The government has now approved the proposed task force on science and technology. The notification lists the names of all the people who will be on the task force.

Dr. Atta-ur-Rahman, Former Minister of Science & Technology, Former Chairman of Higher Education Commission will the chairman of the new task force. He is also part of the 17 man task force on IT and telecom. The secretary to Minister of science and technology will reprise the same role in the task force.

Here are all the people who are on the task force:

Prof. Dr. Atta-ur-Rahman

Secretary, Minister of Science and Technology

Syed Yawar Ali

Chairman, Pakistan Agriculture Research Council

Prof. M. Iqbal Choudhary

Dr. Shahid Mansoor

Prof. Dr. Raheel Qamar

Prof. Dr. Muhammad Wasay

Prof. Dr. Sohaib Khan

Engineer Khalid Asghar

Prof. Waqar Mahmood

Prof. Dr. Naveed A. Malik

Prof. Dr. Ehsan Ullah Khan Kakar

The objective of the task force is to start an economic renaissance through Education, Science, Technology, Research, Innovation and Commercialization. The task force will try to enhance collaboration between industries and academia. Promotion of STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) education is also one of the objectives. To summarize the notification, the government plans to empower entrepreneurs working in STEM fields for better products and services.

Source: https://www.techjuice.pk/government-announces-science-and-technology-task-force-led-by-dr-atta-ur-rehman/?fbclid=IwAR25eeQnGRUMixuDmfFh8ao89tY2xaZuv7anh5ROeFST40Qt-yXrTToR3gM

Towards an Optimal Governance System for STI

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Tan Sri Prof. Omar Abdul Rahman FIAS

There is a lively renewed discussion among the scientific community in Malaysia for the establishment of a Parliamentary Select or Standing Committee on Science, Technology and Innovation (STI). The idea is not new, of course. We have been discussing this at Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM) and other fora for a good many years now. Lengthy discussions took place during recent ASM’s Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Committee (STIPAC) meetings. I have myself been arguing for such a Committee as part of the wider public debate on STI issues and their impact on the socio-economic fabric of Malaysia. The existence of such a parliamentary committee will add to our capacity to provide STI advice. But ‘capacity to provide advice’ is only one component of an effective or optimal governance system for STI  that is badly needed in Malaysia. This capacity must be matched with a ‘capacity to receive and act on good advice’. This is the second  component of the optimal STI governance system. 

There is a lively renewed discussion among the scientific community in Malaysia for the establishment of a Parliamentary Select or Standing Committee on Science, Technology and Innovation (STI). The idea is not new, of course. We have been discussing this at Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM) and other fora for a good many years now. Lengthy discussions took place during recent ASM’s Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Committee (STIPAC) meetings. I have myself been arguing for such a Committee as part of the wider public debate on STI issues and their impact on the socio-economic fabric of Malaysia. The existence of such a parliamentary committee will add to our capacity to provide STI advice. But ‘capacity to provide advice’ is only one component of an effective or optimal governance system for STI  that is badly needed in Malaysia. This capacity must be matched with a ‘capacity to receive and act on good advice’. This is the second  component of the optimal STI governance system. 

The third component comes in two parts:  ‘capacity to determine a national STI agenda and priorities’ necessary to achieve the national SET objectives (STI for Policy), and ‘authority and means to strengthen STI capacity in the areas of priorities’ (Policy for STI). 

So while we have some elements of the first, ‘capacity to provide advice’, which can be strengthened by a parliamentary committee and a robust public debate, the other two capacities are sadly lacking. This is the reason why we have not made much progress. 

Now that the government is considering the revival of the National Economic Action Council (NEAC) we must  vigorously push for the establishment of a National STI Action Council (NSAC) which will have the mandate to determine the National STI Agenda and the National STI Priorities to achieve the goals of the SET programmes. The NASC must have the mandate to assign the implementation of the priorities to the various ministries and agencies and collaborating private sectors, to secure and allocate resources and have implementation and evaluation oversight. 

To do all the the above the NSAC must be supported by a competent dedicated full time secretariat as a central agency directly under the purview of the Prime Minister’s Office. 

Our previous STI councils were advisory, and with a rudimentary token secretariat, were ineffective in receiving and acting on good advice. The much touted Science To Action, for example, became an embarrassing science to inaction. 

The  NSAC will then be the apex of our STI governance system. 

The national STI agenda and STI Priorities will be developed the meet short term and long term objectives 

The short term priorities will be in response to urgent emergent needs. The Mid-Term Review, which was presented to the nation many months ago, is an example. In an efficient governance system, a portfolio of STI priorities will have been identified as being necessary to effect the desired results of the Review; strategies and action plans would by now be in place. Sadly we are not aware of any such. 

The long term priorities would be in support of the long term SET objectives which can be for a Harmonious, Prosperous, Progressive and Sustainable Malaysia, in the absence of a new declaration. 

Sustained harmony requires that citizens’ basic needs are met, their quality of life improving, they are gainfully employed(function of a robust economy ) and there is good governance and a responsible government, over and above national integration, cohesion and unity. The four groups of Critical Technologies are required for sustained harmony, namely technologies for Basic Needs, for Quality of Life, for Economic Growth and for Good Governance and Responsible Government.

Prosperity comes from ‘innovation driven, private sector led economy’. Without STI this  will be a pipe dream.

Being Progressive is to be future aware and future ready; to be able to spot signals in new and emerging economic,   technology, business management and lifestyle trends. 

Being sustainable is about sustainability awareness, sustainable practices and migration to green economy. 

There is a wide ranging STI requirements in all of the above; prioritisation therefore becomes necessary, hence the urgency for the establishment of the NSAC. 

The priorities become the context that all the STI advice apparatus in the public sector (eg ASM, MIGHT), the private sector, in Parliament (when such exists) and from civil society organisations and special interest groups can focus on. The NSAC will be the focal point to receive, evaluate and act on good advice. The equation is then complete.  

I suggest ASM presents our case to the PM to emphasise the urgent requirement for an efficient STI governance system, to establish the NSAC alongside the new NEAC, to provide the crucial STI  inputs to making a Harmonious, Prosperous, Progressive and Sustainable Malaysia. 

What  would be the role of ASM if a new STI landscape emerges? This is subject for vigorous discussions and deep soul searching. Under its present mandate, I believe ASM should be a major source of STI information and advice, a catalyst for a robust public debate on STI and related matters and the creation of a society at ease with science and technology. It must also work to encourage the private sector’s commitment to STI and increased investment in R&D. To effect all the above, ASM must strengthen its capacity in ACCA : creating Awareness and Comprehension on STI issues impacting national SET agenda, and nudging government and relevant organisations for Commitment and Action. There must be an addition to ACCA, an E – ‘evaluation’ to ensure effective implementation. 

Omar Abdul Rahman

tansriomar@gmail.com

Science Institutionalization in Early Islam: Bayt Al-Hikma of Baghdad as a Model of an Academy of Sciences

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Science Institutionalization in Early Islam:

“Bayt al-Hikma of Baghdad as a Model of an Academy of Sciences”

Moneef Rafe’ Zou’bi and Mohd Hazim Shah

Science institutions have evolved historically, eventually emerging in many forms. Nowadays, they include schools and universities, research centres, learned societies and academies of sciences.

However, even with the existence today of over 120 formally recognised academies of sciences around the world (IAP, 2015), the understanding of the term ‘academy of sciences’ is, at present, lacking. Many people are ignorant of the fact that an academy of sciences’ primary role is to act as the science advisory or sovereign (supreme authority) which actively promotes science in the catchment area where it operates, and a forum where scientific issues are debated, studied and communicated.

This study aims to introduce academy-type institutions of the pre-Islamic era. To illustrate the ascendance of the Islamic tradition of science institutionalisation, founding and patronage of academies, the example of Baghdad’s Bayt al-Hikma (House of Wisdom) which flourished in the ninth century AD is examined closely in the light of primary Arabic sources on the subject as well as recent contemporary international literature. The study will then go beyond the existing narrative on Bayt al-Hikma to argue that it was an ‘academy of sciences’ that preceded by centuries the Academia dei Lincei of Rome, considered by many scholars as the world’s first academy of sciences established in 1603.

For the full article:

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/321504761_Science_Institutionalization_in_Early_Islam_Bayt_Al-Hikma_of_Baghdad_as_a_Model_of_an_Academy_of_Sciences_masst_allwm_fy_swr_alaslam_alawly_byt_alhkmt_fy_bghdad_knmwdhj_lmjm_lmy

Prof. Jackie Ying FIAS receives 2018 Turkish Academy of Sciences Prize

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Singapore, December 27, 2018 – Professor Jackie Y. Ying who heads A*STAR’s NanoBio Lab in Singapore has won the 2018 Turkish Academy of Sciences (TÜBA) Academy Prize in Science and Engineering Sciences. This award recognizes her pioneering work in the synthesis of advanced nanostructured materials for biomedical, catalytic, energy and advanced materials applications.

“It is a great honor to receive this Prize from the Turkish Academy of Sciences. I am grateful to be able to do exciting research with the talented scientists and dedicated staff at NanoBio Lab in Singapore. Technological breakthroughs can help to improve the quality of lives and benefit society in many ways. It is my hope that we can make a distinct impact through many successful clinical translation and commercialization of our research,” said Professor Ying.

She has mentored numerous PhD students, postdoctoral fellows and research staff. She featured on Clarivate Analytics’ list of Highly Cited Researchers 2018 for Cross-Field publications, and has over 350 publications in leading journals. She is widely recognized for her inventions, which have led to over 180 patents and patent applications. 32 of her inventions have been licensed to multinational companies and start-ups for diverse applications including nanomedicine, drug delivery, medical implants, cell and tissue engineering, biosensors and medical devices.

Professor Ying is the only female recipient of the TÜBA Academy Prizes in 2018. The other 2018 TÜBA Academy Prize winners are Professor Fatih Mehmet Uҫkun of the University of Minnesota (winner in Health and Life Sciences category), and Professor Bold Luvsandorj of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences and Professor Viorel Panaite of the University of Bucharest (joint winners of the Social and Human Sciences category). Previous laureates come from Austria, Canada, Hungary, Pakistan, Turkey and USA.

The 2018 winners received their prizes from the President of Turkey in a special ceremony in Ankara, Turkey. Each laureate received an Academy Medal and USD 30,000.

Source:https://www.biospace.com/article/prof-jackie-ying-receives-2018-turkish-academy-of-sciences-prize/

Prof. Mohamed H A Hassan FIAS elected TWAS President

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As the founding executive director of TWAS, Mohamed Hassan helped to build the Academy into a global voice for science in the developing world. Now he will return as its president, seeking to guide it to new achievements.

Mohamed H A Hassan, a distinguished and highly influential Sudanese advocate for science in the South, has been elected to serve as the sixth president of The World Academy of Sciences for the advancement of science in developing countries.

Hassan was TWAS’s founding executive director and served 26 years in that role, establishing a reputation as a scholar and diplomat who moved effectively at every level of the global research, education and policy communities.

“I am greatly honoured and privileged to be given the opportunity to serve TWAS in a new and more challenging capacity,” Hassan said after his election. “I am grateful to the TWAS Council and membership for the faith and confidence they have placed in me and I hope to live up to their expectations – and maybe exceed them a little bit.”

Beginning 1 January 2019, he has succeeded current TWAS President Bai Chunli of China, who took office in 2013 and served two three-year terms.  Under changes newly approved by the TWAS Council, the Academy president and Council members will now serve single four-year terms.

Source: https://twas.org/article/hassan-elected-twas-president

Pakistan and Egypt had highest rise in research output in 2018

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Global production of scientific papers hit an all-time high this year, estimates show, with emerging economies rising fastest.

Emerging economies showed some of the largest increases in research output in 2018, according to estimates from the publishing-services company Clarivate Analytics. Pakistan and Egypt topped the list in percentage terms, with rises of 21% and 15.9%, respectively.

China’s publications rose by about 15%, and India, Brazil, Mexico and Iran all saw their output grow by more than 8% compared with 2017 (See ‘Countries with biggest rises in research output’).

Globally, research output rose by around 5% in 2018, to an estimated 1,620,731 papers listed in a vast science-citation database Web of Science, the highest ever (see ‘Research output rose again in 2018’).

This diversification of players in science is a phenomenal success, says Caroline Wagner, a science and technology policy analyst at Ohio State University, and a former adviser to the US government.

“In 1980, only 5 countries did 90% of all science — the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Germany and Japan,” she says. “Now there are 20 countries within the top producing group.”

For the full article: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-07841-9

Missing Nobel Women Scientists: A Journey of Bias in Time

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Since 1901 to date, there are 935 Nobel Prize recipients, but only 52 are women. The proportion of Nobels awarded to women in the sciences (20/607 in Physics, Chemistry and Medicine; PCM) is more unequal than in other categories (32/328 in Economics, Peace, and Literature; EPL). 

This October, like any other, the world celebrated the addition of 8 science Nobel laureates (including 2 women), the highly acclaimed distinction accorded to individuals for making breakthroughs in their fields. This year, there was a welcome change when a Nobel was awarded to Donna Strickland, the first woman to receive the Nobel in physics for the first time since 1963, and Frances Arnold, the first woman to receive the Nobel in chemistry since 2009.

By Vijendra Agarwal

10/16/2018

 

IAS Founding Patron visits IAS HQ

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On Monday 8 October 2018, HRH Prince Hassan bin Talal, Founding Patron of the IAS, visited the IAS headquarters. HRH was received by Prof. Adnan Badran Treasurer FIAS, Prof. Mohammad Hamdan FIAS, Prof. Shaher Momani FIAS and Dr Moneef Zou’bi, Director General, IAS.

 HRH was briefed by IAS Treasurer on the activities and programmes of the IAS and its plans to implement a number of programmes over the next two years.

 HRH, after recalling many of the eminent scientific personalities he had interacted with over the years, proposed a number of ideas for how the IAS can move forward effectively in terms addressing a wide range of issues emanating from the Water, Energy, Health, Agriculture and Biodiversity (WEHAB) paradigm, and draw on the experience of a number of international agencies active in the broad domain of development.

 HRH was accompanied by a sizeable delegation representing many local and regional institutions.

IAS Fellow, and Former Science Adviser to PM Dr Zakri Abdul Hamid wins Biodiversity Prize

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Former science adviser to the Malaysian prime minister Dr Zakri Abdul Hamid was today announced as one of the three winners of the Midori Prize for Biodiversity 2018.

The two other winners are chairman of the IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas, Dr Kathy MacKinnon, and director-general of the Society for the Protection of Nature in Lebanon, Assad Serhal.

The Midori prize is a prestigious biennial international awards event co-hosted by AEON Environmental Foundation (AEF) and the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity.

It is aimed at raising public awareness on the importance of biodiversity and to contribute to the objectives of the United Nations Decade on Biodiversity 2011-2020.

Use of Evolution to Design Molecules Nets Nobel Prize in Chemistry for 3 Scientists

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Three scientists shared this year’s Nobel Prize in Chemistry for tapping the power of evolutionary biology to design molecules with a range of practical uses.

Those include new drugs, more efficient and less toxic reactions in the manufacture of chemicals and plant-derived fuels to replace oil, gas and coal extracted from the ground.

Half of the prize and the accompanying $1 million, announced on Wednesday in Stockholm, went to Frances H. Arnold, a professor of chemical engineering at the California Institute of Technology. She is only the fifth woman to win a chemistry Nobel and the first since 2009.

The other half of the prize is shared by George P. Smith, an emeritus professor of biological sciences at the University of Missouri, and Gregory P. Winter, a biochemist at the M.R.C. Laboratory of Molecular Biology in England.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2018 – Tools made of light

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The inventions being honoured this year have revolutionised laser physics. Extremely small objects and incredibly rapid processes are now being seen in a new light. Advanced precision instruments are opening up unexplored areas of research and a multitude of industrial and medical applications.

2018 Nobel Prize for Medicine goes to James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo

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STOCKHOLM — The Nobel Prize in medicine was awarded Monday to two researchers from the United States and Japan for advances in discovering how the body’s immune system can fight off the scourge of cancer. The 9-million-kronor ($1.01 million) prize will be shared by James Allison of the University of Texas Austin and Tasuku Honjo of Kyoto University.

Their parallel work concerned proteins that act as brakes on the body’s immune system and it constitutes “a landmark in our fight against cancer,” said a statement from the Nobel Assembly of Sweden’s Karolinska Institute, which selects winners of the annual prestigious award.

Allison studied a known protein and developed the concept into a new treatment approach, whereas Honjo discovered a new protein that also operated as a brake on immune cells.

“I’m honored and humbled to receive this prestigious recognition,” Allison said in a statement released by the university’s MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, where he is a professor.

“A driving motivation for scientists is simply to push the frontiers of knowledge. I didn’t set out to study cancer, but to understand the biology of T cells, these incredible cells that travel our bodies and work to protect us,” he said.

Last year’s prize went to three Americans for work in identifying genes and proteins that work in the body’s biological clock, which affects functions such as sleep patterns, blood pressure and eating habits.

 

HRH Princess Sumaya bint El Hassan joins the AETDEW as an Honorary Fellow

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HRH Princess Sumaya has accepted an invitation to become an Honorary Fellow of the Academy of Engineering and Technology of the Developing World (AETDEW), based in Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia).

HRH expressed her admiration of the work of the AETDEW and its attempt to become the leading Engineering and Technology think tank in the Global South and its commitment to contributing to the achievement of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. HRH also stressed that the determination of AETDEW to achieve functioning academy status and commitment to fully embrace the UN SDG slogan of ‘Leave No One Behind’ are admirable.

Princess Sumaya bint El Hassan, President of the Royal Scientific Society (RSS) and Chair of the Princess Sumaya University for Technology (PSUT), is a leading advocate for science as a catalyst for change in the Arab World and the South. The Princess is committed to being a science enabler in a region where so many challenges urgently require solutions derived from science, research and technology.

IAS Vice President Dr N M Butt honoured

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IAS Vice President Dr N.M.Butt, was honoured as Notable Alumnus- Physics of the University of Birmingham, UK out of a total of 24 Alumni of Physics listed  over a period of 118 years since the establishment of the University in 1900.

Dr. N. M. Butt was a Ph.D student in the Department of Physics of the University of Birmingham from 1961 to 1965. He passed his Ph.D (Physics) in 1965 and later passed the degree of D.Sc (Physics) in 1993. His Ph.D supervisor  was the world famous Nuclear Physicist Professor P.B.Moon, F.R.S  who had earlier worked  in the Manhattan Project of Atom bomb of the USA during the  world war-II. Dr.N.M.Butt had also the fortune of learning courses in nuclear physics and solid state physics of  other two famous Physicists ,Professor W.E. Burcham F.R.S and Professor R.E. Peierls, CBE, F.R.S who was the head of Implosion device  in the Manhattan Project.

Dr.Noor Mohammad Butt has recently been listed as Notable Alumnus in Physics from the University of Birmingham. There is a total list of 24 Notable Alumni of Physics ( almost all British Physicists)  listed over a period of 118 years since the establishment of the university in 1900.The Birmingham university has been on the forefront of Nuclear Physics and is one of the leading British Universities of U.K and is particularly  famous for experimental Nuclear Physics in the U.K.   This list published in Wikipedia at the site: “https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_University_of_Birmingham_alumni” has been confirmed by the Alumni Office of the  University of Birmingham(attachment No.1). Dr. Butt is the only Physicist from Asia and the only Fellow of IAS honoured as Notable Alumnus of this University.

Dr N.M.Butt was elected Fellow of the Islamic World Academy of Sciences in 1993 and  is currently the Vice–President of the Academy.

 

Mohamed Hassan FIAS named to the Pontifical Academy

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3 July 2018

For a career of accomplishments in research and international cooperation, TWAS founding Executive Director Mohamed Hassan has been elected a lifetime member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences.

Mohamed H.A. Hassan FIAS, the President of the Sudanese National Academy of Sciences and former Executive Director of The World Academy of Sciences, has been appointed by Pope Francis to the Pontifical Academy of Sciences.

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, chairman of the Governing Council of the United Nations Technology Bank for the Least Developed Countries, was notified of this lifetime appointment by Bishop Marcelo Sánchez Sorondo, chancellor of the Academy. He will receive the insignia in an official induction ceremony, which will be celebrated during a solemn pontifical audience at a meeting of the Academy 12-14 November in Rome, Italy.

The Pontifical Academy is one of the world’s oldest and most august scientific bodies, with roots dating to the early 17th century. Under Academy statutes, members receive lifetime appointments “on the basis of their eminent original scientific studies and of their acknowledged moral personality, without any ethnical or religious discrimination.”

“I am humbled and privileged to be appointed a member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, one of the world’s most prestigious academies,” Hassan said. “I look forward to joining the Academy’s 80 international members and contributing to the fulfilment of its mission – the advance of knowledge in science and in related ethical and philosophical issues.”

Hassan served as TWAS’s first executive director, a position he held from 1983-2011. During that period, he guided the Academy through a period of great growth and expanding influence. In the global scientific community, he has a reputation as an ambassador for scientific excellence and international science cooperation.

Using his experience and diplomatic skills, Hassan has been an advocate of scientific advancement for the developing world, and a driving force in establishing South-South and South-North partnerships for sustainable development. He has also fostered the organization of science diplomacy events, bringing together scientists and policymakers to address the challenges of poverty, scientific development and gender equality.

With a PhD in mathematics from the University of Oxford (UK), Hassan’s scientific contributions range from theoretical plasma physics to the development of mathematical and physical models in environmental, geoscience and space science. He has also authored articles on science, technology and innovation in the developing world. In addition to his leadership at the Sudanese National Academy of Sciences[link: snas.org.sd], Hassan currently he is a professor of mathematics at Khartoum University and chairman of the Board of Trustees of Al Mashreq University, both in Sudan.

He formerly served as president of the African Academy of Sciences and is a current member of several merit-based international academies. In 2012 he received the Abdus Salam Medal, named after TWAS founder Abdus Salam, the Pakistani physicist and Nobel Prize winner.

Indeed, the election of Hassan to the Pontifical Academy has important symbolic significance. It was at a meeting of the Academy in 1981 that Salam and other scholars conceived of an academy of sciences for the developing world – and from that idea, TWAS was born in 1983. Salam was a member before his death in 1996.

The Pontifical Academy (Pontificia Academia Scientiarum in Latin) is an international and independent body with roots that date back to the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei (Academy of the Lynxes), an esteemed scientific body founded in Rome (1603).

Today the Academy’s goals are focused on promoting the progress of mathematical, physical and natural sciences, fostering interaction between faith and reason and offering authoritative advice on scientific and technological matters. Academy statutes limit membership to 80 elite academicians, all serving lifetime terms. They represent all the principal branches of science and all regions of the world.

The academicians are expected to attend Academy meetings, and to suggest topics for study. They help to select new members, and also to nominate exceptional early career scientists for the Pius XI Medal.

The Pontifical Academy is a member of the InterAcademy Partnership (IAP), which is hosted by TWAS in Trieste, Italy, and of the International Science Council (ICSU).

International Statement on Dementia from IAP for Health

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نتيجة بحث الصور عن ‪iap health‬‏

IAP Statement: “A Call for Action to Tackle the Growing Burden of Dementia”

Release Date: 5 July 2018; 00:01 CET
Contact: Peter McGrath
IAP Coordinator, Trieste, Italy
Email: mcgrath@twas.org, iamp@twas.org
Tel: +39 040 2240 571; +39 040 2240 681

 

Howard Chertkow, MD, FRCP, FCAHS
Professor of Neurology, McGill University;
Scientific Director, Canadian Consortium on Neurodegeneration in Aging (CCNA), Jewish General Hospital, Lady Davis Research Institute
3755, chemin de la Côte-Ste-Catherine, Bureau F-408
Montréal (Québec) H3T 1E2
Email: howard.chertkow@mcgill.ca
Tel: +1 514 340 8222

Trieste, Italy, 5 July 2018
The InterAcademy Partnership for Health (IAP for Health) today issues ‘A Call for Action to Tackle the Growing Burden of Dementia’. This IAP Statement is endorsed by more than 50 members of IAP for Health (i.e. academies of medicine and academies of science with strong medical sections from around the world).

In the Statement, IAP highlights the fact that, worldwide, the proportion of the population that is 65 years of age or greater has grown over the last decades, and this trend will continue. Also, because advancing age is the greatest known risk factor for dementia, the number of individuals living with dementia worldwide will nearly triple by 2050. Most of this increase – from 47.5 million people to some 135.5 million – will occur among people living in low- and middle-income countries.

A mixture of brain diseases often underlies dementia, with many people showing changes consistent with both Alzheimer’s disease (the most common form of dementia) and cerebrovascular disease. But while we are learning more about the risk factors commonly associated with dementia (e.g. smoking and diabetes that are linked with stroke and heart disease), dementia continues to be a slowly progressive illness where the diagnosis is made after the process has been present for years.In addition, while young onset (under 60 years) dementia is rare in many countries, this may not be the case where HIV/AIDS is prevalent, such as in sub-Saharan Africa and other low-income countries. Thus young people in such countries may bear a disproportionately greater burden of dementia in years to come.

Dementia also does not affect men and women equally. Women are at both greater risk of developing dementia and then living longer with the condition. Women also provide most of the informal (unpaid) care for people living with dementia.
The IAP for Health Statement, therefore, specifically calls on governments and other healthcare providers to implement a number of practices, including:
• Increasing awareness by educating the public about dementia, how to maintain brain health, and on accepting people with dementia as they are, accommodating to their remaining abilities;
• Supporting research to find and implement effective approaches (both pharmacological and non-pharmacological) to delay, prevent, slow-down, treat, ameliorate, and eventually cure the common causes of dementia;
• Investing in national healthcare systems, including both training a sufficient number and mix of providers as well as building the necessary infrastructure to ensure timely, competent person-centered care is available to those living with dementia and their caregivers through all stages of the illness.
“Our Call for Action is one which aims at developing an evidence-based and a public health orientated approach to this looming problem,” explains Howard Chertkow, chair of the IAP for Health working group that prepared the Statement. “Ultimately each country should make a clear assessment for each population of the potential for primary or upstream prevention of dementia. This should be followed by plans for secondary prevention, i.e. early detection followed by effective treatment, which is considered to be more effective at that stage than later. Such treatment would include both what is currently available and what should soon be developed through therapeutic trials. So-called tertiary prevention (mitigation of dementia and its ramifications through various therapies and end of life care for those with dementia) also needs to be ramped up.”

Depei Liu of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and co-chair of IAP for Health, says: “The growing issue of dementia is affecting all countries, whether they are developed or developing. By releasing this Statement, we hope that IAP for Health and its member academies, representing the global medical science community, will be able to raise awareness of what needs to be done to get ahead of the curve. We expect that our member academies will now present it directly to their national governments and disseminate it through their national scientific and medical networks so that our recommendations can begin to be implemented. I especially call on low- and middle-income countries to do all they can to respond to this burgeoning crisis.”

IAP for Health’s other co-chair, Detlev Ganten of the German National Academy of Sciences, Leopoldina, added: “Like all IAP Statements, this Statement on dementia has been thoroughly reviewed. It presents – based on the latest evidence from our member academies – the best impartial advice to policy-makers in national ministries of health and social welfare, to healthcare agencies and other relevant institutions, and to decision-makers at the international level. The burden of dementia is growing, especially in countries with an ageing society, and it is time to take action.”

 

 The Statement is available at:

http://www.interacademies.org/45731/IAP-for-Health-A-call -for-action-to-tackle-the-growing-burden-of-dementia

Prof. Malik Maaza awarded the 2018 José Vasconcelos World Award of Education

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The award acknowledges Professor Mâaza’s work in promoting education for societal development and sustainability, and recognises his international and humanistic approach to science education as well as his commitment to training and mentoring young scientists on the African continent. To this end, Professor Mâaza has worked tirelessly to raise funds worldwide in support of researchers from less affluent countries. He has helped scientists from war zones in Africa and the Middle East pursue their research and has organised periodic exchanges between renowned scientists of Israeli and Arabic origin, seeking to build bridges through science.

 

Achievements

Professor Malik Mâaza is an African physicist and an accomplished researcher and educator, born in Algeria in 1963 and working in South Africa. His clear vision of how science can be used as a tool to empower individuals to address some of humanity’s most pressing challenges has been demonstrated through his commitment to training and mentoring young scientists.

He is greatly respected for his work as a pioneer of nanoscience and nanotechnology on the African continent and, most importantly, for his accomplishments as an outstanding educator and dedicated mentor. He has significantly contributed to the education of numerous PhD students and postdoctoral researchers.

He has also played a crucial part in keeping South Africa at the leading edge of international research. In this sense, he plays a key strategic planning role in developing South African research programmes and research grant proposals. His work has earned him international recognition from UNESCO, which appointed him to the first South-South Chair in Nanosciences & Nanotechnology: the UNESCO UNISA Africa Chair in Nanosciences and Nanotechnology, also known as U2ACN2.

Recognised by the global scientific community for the value of his published work through frequent invitations to speak at international events, he acts as an ambassador and voice for the African continent in the multidisciplinary field of nanotechnology.

Professor Mâaza’s contributions in the area of education are not confined to the classroom. He has created platforms for the introduction of emerging areas of education like materials science, space sciences and laser sciences. The many new facilities that he has set up underpin a range of scientific programmes, while he has established his own team and exploited his own expertise and ideas to build stronger relations with both academia and industry at national and international level.

His dedication to the cause of women in science is seen through his role as a member of the international as well as the Sub-Saharan juries of the L’Oréal-UNESCO Award for Women in Science. He is a major player in promoting the role of women in science, especially those living in low and medium income countries. He is also a peace activist, using science as a powerful path for fostering human relations between young researchers.

His work as UNESCO Chair has had a huge impact on building capacities among the future generation of African scientists.

 

World cultural Council, News
Announcement of 2018 Winners
June 4, 2018

 

Building Humanity’s Common Future

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HRH Prince El Hassan bin Talal

Published at 11:47 PM October 28, 2017

 

The Islamic world must invest in science, technology, and innovation

Politics rather than policy is clouding the biosphere of most countries in the Islamic world. Science policy in the Arab region is not stable due to instability of the region.

The question is how the 2030 agenda for sustainable development (UN-SDGS), can pave the way for global peace and prosperity with such political instability. Does stability come with policies in science, technology, and innovation (STI) to create the “niche” of political stability that the Islamic world has hardly enjoyed?

There are areas where some countries in the Islamic world has succeeded in providing political stability with sound policies, and has created a stable democratic governance with change and continuity, and emerged strongly in STI and economy.

Malaysia is a country which has succeeded in generating wealth per capita to overcome unemployment and poverty and to compete with OECD countries and has developed a unique democratic system with full participation of all segments of the society based on tolerance, equity, and justice.

They have created a sustainable political system leaving no one behind with sound policies in economics, science, technology, and innovation (STI), generating high-tech exports dependent heavily on the R&D and technology transfer. This is a model which could be studied carefully for prosperous and future progress of the Islamic Umma.

The Islamic world cannot live on the glories of the past, although we have to underline the success stories in our history to give us the impetus to trigger with vigour the development of our present and future quality of life and put human dignity, at the centre of development.

The Islamic world faces problems in knowledge-use more than in knowledge creation. Without translating academic research into policy and public awareness, research will be read by few people who constitute the elites who are disconnected from the masses of the society.

The Islamic world cannot live on the glories of the past, although we have to underline the success stories in our history to give us the impetus to trigger with vigour the development of our present

There is a gap between scientists and policy/decision makers. Universities are the centres of creating knowledge and its transmission, and where minds are shaped. The creation of knowledge occurs through research, free-thinking, exploration, and the exchange and debate of ideas.

The transmission of knowledge is done by teaching and training of the next generation, which not only receives the distilled, confirmed facts and theories in various branches of knowledge, but also learns to dissect them, check for any flaws, and construct more robust frameworks of knowledge for the world.

In addition to the knowledge production and scholarship and the shaping of critical and creative minds, one of the main goals and raisons d’être of universities worldwide is to develop within society a culture of inquiry, intellectual rigour, and promotion of evidence and merit.

This spirit is what led to the Islamic Golden Age of science. Indeed, the Muslim world is widely credited for having established the first universities in the world, going back as far as 859 AD.

And indeed, those universities created knowledge by translating books from scholars of previous civilisations, by hosting scholars and giving them the means and the freedom to explore all the ideas that they wished to analyse, and by training students and disciples in intellectual work, from the purely philosophical, theological, or theoretical, to the most directly applicable techniques.

However, after a Golden Age of knowledge and science that lasted many centuries, the Islamic world went through a long period of decline, which was followed by Western colonisation, and by the 20th century, it was trailing all other nations in knowledge production and dissemination.

Today, and after huge efforts (financial and otherwise), only a few universities from the Arab world can be found in the Top 400 of the major world university rankings, and none in the Top 100.

New knowledge, particularly knowledge related to technology, drives the economic systems. Economic agents, including firms and governments, are forced to adapt to technical change in order to survive in a competitive environment.

While governments should act as facilitator, technology capabilities must accumulate in enterprises.

This will only be possible if we strengthen our universities and R&D organisations and create effective linkages between them and industry. It will be the increasing use of knowledge in the production processes and service industry which will determine the growth of our GDP.

Our ability to compete or survive in the globalisation of economic systems depends on our commitment towards the development of our human capital and ensuring a continuous learning process within the government institutions and enterprises to create a culture of innovation.

Innovation is concerned with enhancing national productivity and national competitive performance.

Dynamic innovation systems involve interplay between a number of different parts of the society which include the government, private sector, universities, and research institutions.

The transition of our economy from an agriculture-based economy to a knowledge-based economy involves a mosaic of complex interactions in which a large number of players would be involved.

The universities will need to play a central part in this transition through knowledge creation, its use and diffusion of new knowledge into the society through establishment of technology parks, business incubators, access to venture capital, and other such schemes.

The new world order requires us to prepare our children to face the challenges of the global economy.

This involves a substantially different type of education to be imparted, focused not only on the mastery of subject matters but also on the development of the various other skills such as the ability to think critically, innovate, communicate effectively, work effectively in teams, develop entrepreneurship and risk-taking skills, and the ability to face and manage changes in a flexible manner.

This would require a massive focused national effort.

I have no doubts that the cross-fertilisation of ideas coming out from this conference will enhance our ability to pursue the development of the quality of life for the Umma.

HRH Prince El Hassan Bin Talal is former crown prince of Jordan. This article is an abridged version of an address delivered at the 21st Science Conference of the Islamic World Academy of Sciences held in Konya, Turkey, October 7, 2017. 

 

Source: http://www.dhakatribune.com/opinion/op-ed/2017/10/28/building-humanitys-common-future/